Animals living in the Subtropical/Tropical Moist Lowland habitat

The region around the equator is made up of mostly rainforests. The moist lowland rainforests are just one of these. They are found closer to the Tropics of Cancer and Capricorn rather than the equator itself. There are a few subtle differences between these forests and what some consider the 'true' rainforests around the equator. Daylight hours change seasonally here, and they get less average rainfall.

The subtropical and tropical moist lowland forest supports a diverse ecosystem, and includes many animals in its layers. The emergent layer is the top layer. It is made up of the tallest trees that peek out over the canopy. Birds of all types from eagles to brightly colored parrots call this part of the forest home. The next layer is the canopy and makes up the roof of the forest. Monkeys, arboreal snakes, and frogs are just some of the inhabitants of this part. The understory is the middle layer that gets small amounts sun. Big cats, snakes, and some species of apes are found here. The shrub layer and forest floor are the lowest layers. Decomposition happens quickly in these areas because of the lack of sunlight. This layer houses gorillas, deer, insects, and several species of rodents.

From the sunny treetops to the dark forest floor, this humid locale offers a home to numerous types of mammals, reptiles, amphibians, and birds. However, some of the species that once called these areas home are now extinct due to deforestation.

Even-toed ungulates

Abbott's duiker
Collared peccary
White-lipped peccary
Greater mouse deer
Pygmy hippopotamus
Common hippopotamus
Water chevrotain
Mountain anoa


Andean bear
Marbled cat
Nilgiri marten
African clawless otter
Cameroon clawless otter
Asiatic jackal
Everett's ferret-badger
American jackal
Bay cat
Little coati
Asiatic golden cat
Clouded leopard
Bushy-tailed olingo
Leopard cat
Beddard's olingo
Little spotted cat
Flat-headed cat
Central american cacomistle
Asiatic wild dog
Fishing cat
Common fox
Bush dog
African golden cat
Common otter
Speckle-throated otter
Hairy-nosed otter
Indian smooth-coated otter
Maned wolf
Tropical weasel
Short-eared dog


Little collared fruit bat
Chestnut sac-winged bat
Halcyon horseshoe bat
Bini free-tailed bat
Geoffroy's horseshoe bat
Andaman horseshoe bat
Decken's horseshoe bat
Tiny pipistrelle
Tanzanian woolly bat
Eloquent horseshoe bat
Straw-coloured fruit bat
Woermann's bat
Copper woolly bat
Guinean horseshoe bat
Lesser woolly bat
Forest horseshoe bat
Spurrell's woolly bat
Short-palated fruit bat
Veldkamp's bat
Lesser angolan epauletted fruit bat
Buettikofer's epauletted fruit bat
Salim ali's fruit bat
Franquet's epauletted fruit bat
Yellow-winged bat
Comoro rousette
Bate's slit-faced bat
Hayman's dwarf epauletted fruit bat
Pel's pouched bat
Gambian slit-faced bat
Peter's dwarf epauletted fruit bat
Benito roundleaf bat
Large slit-faced bat
Moloney's flat-headed bat
Sundevall's roundleaf bat
Hairy slit-faced bat
Short-tailed roundleaf bat
Intermediate slit-faced bat
Cyclops roundleaf bat
Ega long-tongued bat
Large-eared slit-faced bat
Lesser dog-faced fruit bat
Sooty roundleaf bat
Pohle's fruit bat
Ja slit-faced bat
Lamotte's roundleaf bat
Zenker's fruit bat
Dwarf slit-faced bat
Aellen's roundleaf bat
Schreber's yellow bat
Aba roundleaf bat
Noack's roundleaf bat
Nut-colored yellow bat
Sierra leone free-tailed bat
Duke of abruzzi's free-tailed bat
Medje free-tailed bat
Gallagher's free-tailed bat
Dwarf free-tailed bat
Nigerian free-tailed bat
White-bellied free-tailed bat
Little free-tailed bat
Peterson's free-tailed bat
Nicobar flying fox
Russet free-tailed bat
Spurrell's free-tailed bat
Railer bat
Comoro black flying fox
Large-eared free-tailed bat
Natal free-tailed bat
Rodrigues flying fox
Madagascan flying fox
Negros naked-backed fruit bat
Hammer-headed fruit bat
Seychelles flying fox
Dark flying fox
Seychelles sheath-tailed bat
Sao tomé collared fruit bat
Pemba flying fox

American marsupials

Little rufous mouse opossum
Tyler's mouse opossum
Black-shouldered opossum
Pale-bellied woolly mouse opossum
Three-striped short-tailed opossum
Osgood's short-tailed opossum
Southern short-tailed opossum
Chestnut-striped short-tailed opossum
Emilia's short-tailed opossum
Long-nosed short-tailed opossum
Ihering's short-tailed opossum
Pygmy short-tailed opossum
Shrewish short-tailed opossum
Marajó short-tailed opossum
Theresa's short-tailed opossum
Bushy-tailed opossum
One-striped short-tailed opossum
Aceramarca gracile mouse opossum
Agile gracile mouse opossum
Wood sprite gracile mouse opossum
Emilia's gracile mouse opossum
Northern gracile mouse opossum
Brazilian gracile mouse opossum
Water opossum


Eastern tree dassie
Western tree dassie


Checkered elephant shrew
Four-toed elephant shrew

Horses, rhinoceroses, and tapirs

Baird's tapir
Asian tapir
Brazilian tapir


Atlantic titi
Buffy-tufted-ear marmoset
Ma's night monkey
Buffy-headed marmoset
Black-headed night monkey
Geoffroy's marmoset
Night monkey
Colombian night monkey
Black howler monkey
Andean night monkey
Black-faced black spider monkey
Long-haired spider monkey
Black-handed spider monkey
Ashy black titi
White-whiskered spider monkey
Black spider monkey
Black-faced lion tamarin
Black lion tamarin
Cotton-headed tamarin
Diana guenon
Golden lion tamarin
Black-crowned central american squirrel monkey
Dryad monkey
Black squirrel monkey
Red-bellied guenon
Red-eared guenon
Preuss's guenon
Sclater's guenon
Red colobus
Sun-tailed guenon
Bearded saki
Slender loris
Red howler monkey
Golden-mantled howling monkey
Pennant's red colobus
Lion-tailed macaque
Bald uakari
Black uacari
Brazilian bare-faced tamarin
Gee's golden langur
Doubtful titi monkey
Andean titi monkey
Guatemalan black howler monkey
Black colobus


African elephant


Red bush squirrel
Macmillan's thicket rat
Lord derby's flying squirrel
White-faced tree rat
Yellow-crowned brush-tailed rat
Green bush squirrel
Shining thicket rat
Pel's flying squirrel
Painted tree rat
Plain brush-tailed rat
Striped ground squirrel
African wading rat
Christy's dormouse
Dwarf scaly-tailed squirrel
African pygmy squirrel
Peruvian tree rat
Mt. pirri isthmus rat
Hildegarde's broad-headed mouse
Jentink's dormouse
Garrido's hutia
Giant atlantic tree rat
Natal multimammate mouse
Cameroon scaly-tail
Cuvier's hutia
Lorrain dormouse
Chapman's prehensile-tailed hutia
Samana hutia
Silent dormouse
Black-tailed hutia
Ebian's palm squirrel
Slender-tailed deer mouse
Isla de la juventud tree hutia
Baifran palm squirrel
Jackson's praomys
Jico deer mouse
Brazilian spiny tree rat
Lemke's hutia
Least praomys
African smoky mouse
Dusky spiny tree rat
Misonne's praomys
Mutable sun squirrel
Forest soft-furred mouse
Small sun squirrel
Thomas's rope squirrel
Tullberg's praomys
Red-legged sun squirrel
African brush-tailed porcupine
Lady burton's rope squirrel
Zanj sun squirrel
Ribboned rope squirrel
Giant rat
Goldman's spiny pocket mouse
Red-cheeked rope squirrel
Gambian rat
Nelson's spiny pocket mouse
Fire-footed rope squirrel
Mountain spiny pocket mouse
Lesser hamster-rat
Brown's hutia
Dollman's tree mouse
Greater hamster-rat
Bahamian hutia
Peruvian bamboo rat
Yellow-spotted brush-furred rat
Brazilian shrew mouse
Swan island hutia
Yellow-bellied brush-furred rat
African groove-toothed rat
White-spined spiny rat
Oriente cave rat
Fire-bellied brush-furred rat
Golden mouse
Gorgona spiny rat
Torre's cave rat
White-tailed olalla rat
Rusty-bellied brush-furred rat
Liberian forest hybomys
Greedy olalla rat
Temminck's striped mouse
Brown hairy dwarf porcupine
Bolivar rice rat
Peters' hybomys
Target rat
Slender-tailed squirrel
Hispaniolan edible rat
Macconnell's rice rat
Bangs's mountain squirrel
Forest giant squirrel
Elegant rice rat
Congo forest mouse
Defua rat
Baer's hylomyscus
Rudd's mole rat
Talamancan rice rat
Ivory coast rat
Lesser hylomyscus
Yungas rice rat
Beaded hylomyscus
Chibchan water mouse
Arboreal soft-furred spiny rat
Allen's hylomyscus
Rushi's rat
Pygmy mouse
Red crested tree rat
Cansdale's swamp rat
Stella hylomyscus
Hinde's rock rat
Thomas's pygmy mouse
Edward's swamp rat
Greater cane rat
Bishop's fossorial spiny rat
Bunting's thicket rat
Cochabamba grass mouse
Big-eared swamp rat
Long-eared flying squirrel
Alexander's bush squirrel
Boehm's bush squirrel
Woodland thicket rat
Golden atlantic tree rat
Pygmy scaly-tailed flying squirrel


Giant armadillo
Greater long-nosed armadillo
Common long-nosed armadillo
Hairy long-nosed armadillo
Brazilian lesser long-nosed armadillo
Northern naked-tailed armadillo
Greater naked-tailed armadillo

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