Wednesday 17 January 2007 Pygmy MarmosetThe Pygmy Marmoset (Callithrix pygmaea) is the smallest monkey in the world (13 - 17 cm, head and body length) and lives in South America, in Peru, western Brazil, Ecuador and south-east Colombia. The have specially adapted claws for climbing trees. Pygmy marmosets are omnivorous, their diet consists of insects, spiders, small reptiles, fruits, leaves and tree sap. About 2/3 of their time they are removing tree bark to reach the sap. They live in groups in the trees and are very active creatures, swiftly running and jumping in the trees. Due to habitat loss, the Pygmy marmoset may become threatened.
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Tuesday 16 January 2007 Indian Muntjac deerThe Indian Muntjac deer (Muntiacus muntjak), also called the 'barking deer', is the most numerous of the Muntjac deer and lives in South-eastern Asia, in Pakistan, India, Nepal, and along South-eastern Asia and southern China. It gets its nickname 'barking deer' because of their barking like dogs when threatened. Their diet consists of leaves, grasses, shoots, and fallen fruit. Muntjacs are considered a very primitive kind of deer, as they appeared 15-35 million years ago with fossils found in France and Germany. Muntjacs are hunted for their meat and skin, and are considered a pest in some areas, where they destroy the trees by ripping of the bark. The Indian Muntjac is not considered endangered.
Sunday 14 January 2007 CulpeoThe Culpeo (Pseudalopex culpaeus) is a wild dog from South America, mostly the Western part. Culpeo societ is hierarchical and matriarchal, which means that the females try to stick with their territory and fight for it, while the males leave their natal territory. The dominant females eat first and also have exclusive breeding rights, which happens during the winter. The weight of the Culpeo ranges from 7 to 12 kilograms. Their main diet consists of hares, rabbits and rodents, but also insects, birds and berries. Culpeos are not endangered, but their main threat is habitat destruction as they are habitat specialists. Because they are habitat specialists, their population density is low and are quite rare, even though their range is quite large.
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Friday 12 January 2007 Commerson's dolphinThe Commerson's dolphins (Cephalorhynchus commersonii) are living in two distinct location: the 'southern tip of South America' and around the 'Kerguelen islands', the commerson's dolphins near Kerguelen Islands are a bit larger. They are also know by the names of 'Skunk Dolphin' and 'Piebald Dolphin'. The species was first described in 1767 by Philibert Commerson, and they look very much like porpoises, but is part of the dolphin family. Its diet consists of fish, squid, and shrimp.
From Marinebio.org: "These dolphins are at-risk of environmental contamination. Low levels of chlorinated hydrocarbons (DDT, PCB and HCB) were found in the blubber of Kerguélen dolphins, confirming the presence of contaminants in oceans far from the main sources of pollution. However, it was noted, that these levels were 10-100 times less than those of cetaceans in the North Atlantic".
Wednesday 10 January 2007 Spotted hyenaThe Spotted Hyena or 'Laughing Hyena' (Crocuta crocuta) is the largest species of hyena. Its coat is sandy, yellowish or gray with dark brown spots on most of its body. Males are built lighter than females, males can weigh from 45 to 60 kg, while females can weigh 55 to 75 kg on average, but large females have been recorded that weigh up to 90 kilograms. The females are dominant over the males. Spotted hyenas form groups which are called 'clans', which can grow up to 80 members. The size of their territory varies extremely from as small as 40 square kilometers in the Ngorongoro crater to 1000 square kilometers in the Kalahari. The clans defend these territories, but can also make long foraging trips to the neares ungulate herd. This has been labelled a "commuting" system... Among other vocal communication, the Spotted hyena's trademark is the giggling. This is associated with fear or excitement and is often given when an individual is being chased. Its diet consists of a variety of animals, including zebras, gazelles, wildebeest, topi, kongoni, waterbuck, eland, impala, warthog, hares, lions, ostrich eggs, Cape buffalo, bat-eared fox, golden jackal, porcupine, puff adder, domestic animals, termites, afterbirth other hyenas.
Image by rich115, found on Flickr, licensed under Attribution ShareAlike License v. 2.0You can help spreading the word about this animal by liking it on facebook
Tuesday 09 January 2007 AardvarkThe Aardvark (Orycteropus afer) is a nocturnal, solitary animal, and is the only surviving member of the order Tubulidentata. It is placed alone in this order, because of its special teeth, which, instead of having a pulp cavity, have lots of thin tubes of dentine, each containing pulp and held together by cementum. Adults have only molars at the back of the jaw as teeth, the other teeth fall out. Its diet consists almost exclusively on ants and termites and the only fruit it eats: cucumber. The aardvark uses its front legs to dig out termites and ants and it uses them to create burrows. The aardvark weighs between 40 and 60 kilograms and is named after the Dutch words for "earth" and "pig". It lives in the sub-Saharan desert and is not threatened. Did you know "Aardvark" is the first word in your English dictionary ?
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Monday 08 January 2007 Vervet monkeyThe Vervet monkey (Chlorocebus aethiops) are classified as vermin in Africa, where they occur in large numbers. They feed on the ground and sleep in the trees. Vervet monkeys live a life constantly running from being killed by humans. Males vary in size from 45 to 85 cm and weigh between 3.5 to 7.5 kg, while females, range from 40 to 60 cm in size and between 2.5 to 5.5 kg in weight. It lives in groups of up to 20 individuals. The Vervet monkey can become 20 years of age. You can help spreading the word about this animal by liking it on facebook
Wednesday 03 January 2007 Corsac foxThe Corsac Fox (Vulpes corsac) lives in the steppes and semi-desert of Central Asia. It does not dig its own burrows, but most of the time it takes over other animals' burrows. It is more social than other foxes and might even live together with other Corsac foxes in a burrow. Nocturnal in the wild, in captivity they are more active during the day. It is speculated that they have become more nocturnal in the wild, because of humans hunting the Corsac Fox, forcing it to become nocturnal. Their carnivorous diet mainly consists of rodents, pikas, birds and insects. They have a characteristic way to catch their favourite prey, rodents, by jumping in the air and dropping down on their prey.
Picture of the Corsac Fox by F. Spangenberg, licensed under GNU Free Documentation License.You can help spreading the word about this animal by liking it on facebook