African elephant

African elephant Looking at an African elephant (Loxodonta africana) the first thing that becomes obvious is its huge size: African elephants are the largest mammals living on solid ground. They reach lengths up to 7,5 m and weights up to 7500 kg. Other characteristics are their large ears, the strong legs ressembling columns, the tusks, worn by males as well as females, and the trunk, of course. The trunk is kind of a multi-purpose tool. It is used to carry food and water to the mouth, to scent, to grope for things and as a tool to move things. It can also be used as a weapon. African elephants inhabit different parts of Africa south of the Sahara. But nowadays their distribution range is just one third of the area they inhabited in former times. They can be found in savannas as well as in forests, in semi-deserts and in mountain regions up to 5000 m height.

Keywords: tusk

Which zoos have them?
Brookfield Zoo (United States)

The African elephant is listed as Vulnerable (VU), considered to be facing a high risk of extinction in the wild, on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species

Namings for the African elephant
A young / baby of a African elephant is called a 'calf'. The females are called 'cow' and males 'bull'. A African elephant group is called a 'herd, flock, parade or memory'.
Some facts about the
African elephant

Adult weight : 4800 kg (10560 lbs)

Maximum longevity : 65 years

Female maturity :4018 days

Male maturity : 3650 days

Gestation : 670 days

Weaning : 1071 days

Litter size : 1

Interval between litters : 1707 days

Weight at birth : 105 kg (231 lbs)

Weight at weaning : 600 kg (1320 lbs)

Mortality rate doubling time : 8 years

Source: AnAge, licensed under CC

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Links

Elephant links on the web
Nature's great masterpiece, an elephant. The only harmless great thing.
http://www.hedweb.com/animimag/eleplink.htm

Read about Elephant links at the Absolut Elephant

Elephant World
View big elephants living in zoos around the world, books, and read information on elephants.
http://www.spotlight.st/elephantworld/

Dieren - Beginthier.nl
Dutch site, categorizes animal site links.
http://dieren.beginthier.nl/

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