The hare is usually brown, with large acute eyes and good vision, topped off by almost propeller shaped ears. They breed all year and have between one to two offspring in each litter, and a female can give birth to nearly eight litters per year. Their preference for using shrubs and small plants rather than grass is known, and this behavior usually occurs in the summer time. They prefer open areas; however have been known to be in other settings and altitudes. The species is generally adaptable to many conditions and terrain within limits of temperature. Diet is likely dependant on where they are, however data is lacking on specifics.
The decline of the Cape Hare is dependent on several factors, and the future decline will be influenced by actions or inactions of local governments and people. Because of its range in resource rich areas they are being displaced by urban developments and habitat loss, along with fragmentation (where pockets of wildlife are separated by human development), poisoning, pesticides, hunting, competition with livestock, road kill from vehicles, climate change, and predation by human kept animals in addition to their natural predators. The Cape Hare is protected by law in several places such as the United Arab Emirates, Jordan, Oman, and Bahrain.
Like all Lagomorpha the Cape Hare practices coprophagia, or the consumption of their own droppings. Because their digestive tracks are not as complex, they have feces which are half digested and are re-consumed – however they also have normal feces which they do not re-consume.
Picture of the cape hare by Benjamint444, licensed under GFDL
The Cape hare is listed as Least Concern (LR/lc), lowest risk. Does not qualify for a more at risk category. Widespread and abundant taxa are included in this category, on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
Namings for the Cape hareA young / baby of a Cape hare is called a 'leveret'. The females are called 'doe or jill' and males 'buck or jack'. A Cape hare group is called a 'band or down'.
CountriesAlgeria, Angola, Benin, Botswana, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Djibouti, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Ghana, Guinea, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Kenya, Lesotho, Libya, Mali, Mauritania, Morocco, Mozambique, Namibia, Niger, Nigeria, Rwanda, Senegal, Somalia, South Africa, Sudan, Swaziland, Syria, Tanzania, Togo, Tunisia, Uganda, Western Sahara and Zimbabwe
Some facts about the
Adult weight : 2.358 kg (5.1876 lbs)
Female maturity :228 days
Male maturity : 175 days
Gestation : 43 days
Weaning : 33 days
Litter size : 3
Litters per year : 3
Interval between litters : 39 days
Weight at birth : 0.118 kg (0.2596 lbs)
Weight at weaning : 0.943 kg (2.0746 lbs)