Fish beginning with P
- The Pátzcuaro Chub is a species of ray-finned fish in the genus Algansea.
Pa sa kang
- Puntioplites proctozystron is a species of ray-finned fish in the genus Puntioplites.
- Cyclocheilichthys armatus is a species of ray-finned fish in the genus Cyclocheilichthys.
- Achille Valenciennes, and Georges Cuvier have both been credited by various sources with describing the Almaco jack in 1833 even though Cuvier died in 1832.
- Macropinna microstoma is the only species of fish in the genus Macropinna, belonging to Opisthoproctidae, the barreleye family. M.
Pacific black marlin
- In 2010, Greenpeace International has added the black marlin to its seafood red list.
- The Pacific chupare or Pacific whiptail stingray, Himantura pacifica, is a species of stingray in the family Dasyatidae.
Pacific cownose ray
- The golden cownose ray, hawkray, or pacific cownose ray is a species of fish in the Rhinopteridae family.
Pacific electric ray
- This species was originally described by William Orville Ayres in 1855 as Torpedo californica, and subsequently placed in the genus Tetronarce by Theodore Gill in 1861.
Pacific fat sleeper
- Dormitator latifrons mainly feeds on detritus and MOND and vegetal rest, but in addition it includes in his diet micromoluscus, ostracodos, nemertinos, trematodos, grudges of fish, copepodos, annelids, larvae of insects and possibly inorganic sediments with which it also incorporates some foraminiferos.
Pacific giant seahorse
- The pacific seahorse, Hippocampus ingen , is one of the largest of the 34 known species of seahorses in the world, the pacific seahorse can reach up to 30 cm in length.
- Cephalopholis panamensis is a grouper fish from the Eastern Pacific Ocean.
- The flathead guitarfish or pacific guitarfish is a species of fish in the Rhinobatidae family.
- Directed commercial fisheries usually use longline gear but halibut are also caught along with many other bottom-dwelling fish by trawlers.
Pacific jack mackerel
- The Pacific jack mackerel is classified within the genus Trachurus, commonly known as the horse mackerels or jack mackerels.
- King-of-the-salmon, Trachipterus altivelis, is a species of ribbonfish in the family Trachipteridae.
- The Pacific Tenpounders have very round bodies with terminal mouths, and profound gill formations known as pseudobranchiae.
- The Pacific lamprey lives along the Pacific Coast of North America and Asia.
- The Pacific sanddab is endemic to the northern Pacific Ocean, from the Sea of Japan to the coast of California.
- The South American pilchard, Sardinops sagax, is a sardine of the Family Clupeidae, the only member of the genus Sardinops, found in the indo-Pacific oceans.
- It is known as sanma in Japanese, kongchi in Korean, qiu dao yu in Chinese, and saira in Russian.
Pacific sharpnose shark
- The Pacific sharpnose shark, Rhizoprionodon longurio, is a requiem shark of the family Carcharhinidae, found in the subtropical waters of the eastern Pacific Ocean between latitudes 33° N and 16° S, from the surface to 27 m.
Pacific sleeper shark
- The Pacific sleeper shark, Somniosus pacificus, is a sleeper shark of the family Somniosidae, found circumglobally on continental shelves and slopes in temperate waters between latitudes 70°N and 47°S, from the surface to 2,000 metres .
- Its most distinctive characteristic is the long pectoral fins that reach nearly to the base of the pelvic fins, and thus inspire the common name.
Pacific staghorn sculpin
- Staghorn sculpins are slender fish, with a grayish olive above, pale creamy yellow sides, and a white belly.
Pacific striped marlin
- In 2010, Greenpeace International has added the striped marlin to its seafood red list.
- Pacific viperfish can be characterized by its large mouth, long fang-like teeth and long dorsal fin ray .
- Pacú , pez chato , mbiraí, or piraí, is a South American ray-finned fish that is endemic to the Paraguay-Paraná River basin, though it has been introduced by aquaculture activities in a wider area.
- The Pahranagat spinedace, Lepidomeda altivelis, is an extinct fish that originally inhabited the Pahranagat Valley in Nevada, United States.
Painted electric ray
- The painted electric ray or variegated electric ray, Diplobatis pictus , is a poorly-known species of numbfish, family Narcinidae, native to the western Atlantic Ocean from southeastern Venezuela to the mouth of the Amazon River in Brazil.
- The Cero reaches larger sizes than the Spanish, often 10 lb or more, but those over 30 lb are extremely rare.
- The brown-reticulate stingray or painted maskray, Neotrygon leylandi, is a species of stingray, family Dasyatidae.
- The painted moki, Goniistius ephippium, is a morwong of the genus Goniistius, found off southern Australia, Lord Howe Island, Norfolk Island, and northern New Zealand including the Kermadec Islands, from shallow depths to 250 m, on rocky reef and coastal areas.
- Cichla temensis, Peacock bass , is the largest of all cichlids.
- The painted swellshark was initially identified with the Australian Cephaloscyllium "sp.
- The Pait is a species of ray-finned fish in the Cyprinidae family that is found only in the Philippines.
- This species is rather similar to many of its congeners and is best distinguished by a combination of morphometric characters.
Pale ghost shark
- The pale ghost shark, Hydrolagus bemisi, is a shortnose chimaera of the family Chimaeridae.
Pale spotted catshark
- The pale spotted spotted catshark, Asymbolus pallidus, is a cat shark of the family Scyliorhinidae found only off Queensland, at depths of between 225 and 400 m.
- The pale toadfish, Ambophthalmos angustus, is a fathead of the family Psychrolutidae, found on the continental shelf around New Zealand, between 250 and 1,000 metres.
Pale-ear garden eel
- Masked Garden Eel is a type of marine fish that lives in the Pacific Ocean.
- The pale-edged stingray or sharpnose stingray, Dasyatis zugei, is a species of stingray in the family Dasyatidae, found in the Indian and Pacific Oceans from India to Indonesia and Japan.
- Palezone shiner is a species of ray-finned fish in the genus Notropis.
- Paracanthurus hepatus has a royal blue body, yellow tail, and black 'palette' design.
- The pallid sturgeon is an endangered species of ray-finned fish, endemic to the waters of the Missouri and lower Mississippi River basins of the United States.
- It was first recognized as a species likely to belong to a new genus of cichlid in 1991 by Mark Smith, and was formally described by Turner in 1994, who created a new genus name for this cichlid.
- The royal plec, royal pleco, or royal panaque, Panaque nigrolineatus, is a herbivorous freshwater catfish from South America known for being one of the few fish that digest wood.
- Blue-eyed plecs have been kept as aquarium fish, and were fairly popular during the 1980s and early 1990s.
- Corydoras panda has an off-white to pinkish-orange ground colour, and when observed under certain lighting conditions, a faint greenish iridescence is present upon the flanks and the operculum.
- Over the course of its life, a panga will undergo periodic sex-changes with as much as 30% of the population being hermaphroditic at a time.
- The Pangani Barb is a ray-finned fish species in the family Cyprinidae.
- Ctenochromis pectoralis, the Pangani Haplo , was a species of fish in the Cichlidae family.
- The Pangani robber is a species of fish in the Alestiidae family.
- Pangio agma is a species of ray-finned fish in the genus Pangio.
- Pangio alcoides is a species of ray-finned fish in the genus Pangio.
- Pangio alternans is a species of ray-finned fish in the genus Pangio.
- Pangio apoda is a species of ray-finned fish in the genus Pangio.
- Pangio bashai is a species of ray-finned fish in the genus Pangio.
- Pangio borneensis is a species of ray-finned fish in the genus Pangio.
- Pangio doriae is a species of ray-finned fish in the genus Pangio.
- Pangio elongata is a species of ray-finned fish in the genus Pangio.
- Pangio filinaris is a species of ray-finned fish in the genus Pangio.
- Pangio fusca is a species of ray-finned fish in the genus Pangio.
- Pangio incognito is a species of ray-finned fish in the genus Pangio.
- Pangio longipinnis is a species of ray-finned fish in the genus Pangio.
- Pangio malayana is a species of ray-finned fish in the genus Pangio.
- Pangio mariarum is a species of ray-finned fish in the genus Pangio.
- Pangio piperata is a species of ray-finned fish in the genus Pangio.
- Pangio pulla is a species of ray-finned fish in the genus Pangio.
- Pangio robiginosa is a species of ray-finned fish in the genus Pangio.
- Pangio signicauda is a species of ray-finned fish in the genus Pangio.
- Pangio superba is a species of ray-finned fish in the genus Pangio.
- The Paniai gudgeon is a species of fish in the Eleotridae family.
- The Panther Grouper is commonly kept in marine aquariums.
- Papermouth is a species of ray-finned fish in the genus Barbus.
- The Papuan rainbowfish is a species of fish in the Melanotaeniidae family.
Papuan river sprat
- The toothed river herring is a species of fish in the Clupeidae family.
- Parakysis grandis is a species of catfish of the family Akysidae.
- The dart goby, Parioglossus marginalis, is a dartfish of the genus Parioglossus, found along the east coast of Australia and in a few isolated localities in Northland and Great Barrier Island, New Zealand.
- Pariolius armillatus is the only species of catfish in the genus Pariolius of the family Heptapteridae.
- The parras characodon was a species of fish in the Goodeidae family.
- The perrito de parras was a species of fish in the Cyprinodontidae family.
- It breeds during the summer, from July to September.
- The Paskóviza is a species of ray-finned fish in the Cyprinidae family.
- Paska's blue-eye is a species of fish in the Pseudomugilidae family.
- A close relative, the Antarctic toothfish , is found farther south around the edges of the Antarctic shelf; it also lives in the Ross Sea.
- It is found mostly in turbid and deep waters with moderate current.
- Payaras eat most fish smaller than them, but the bulk of their diet is comprised of piranhas, which they impale with their sharp teeth.
- There are 15 known species of peacock bass and two more that ichthyologists have yet to name.
- Although usually peacefull, they will eat any fish smaller then their mouths.
- The Pavoraja nitida is a species of fish in Rajidae family.
- The flier, which can live up to five years, grows to a maximum recorded length of about 3 cm .
- Pealip Redhorse is a species of ray-finned fish in the genus Moxostoma.
- Its main body colour can be anything from pale light brown to dark blue almost purple; their colours change with moods and during mating sessions.
- The pearl gourami originates from Thailand, Malaysia, Sumatra, and Borneo.
- Morphologically, this species is very similar to the roach , with which it can be easily confused.
- Prior to being described by Leonard Compagno and Tyson Roberts, in a 1984 paper for the Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences, the pearl stingray was generally lumped together with the daisy stingray in scientific literature, though its existence had been recognized since at least 1965.
- The species co-occurs throughout its range with the Green chromide .
- Mueller's Pearlside or Mueller's Bristle-mouth Fish, Maurolicus muelleri, a marine hatchetfish of the genus Maurolicus, is found in deep tropical and subtropical waters of all oceans, from the surface to depths of 1,500 m.
- The Vateria Flower Rasbora or Pearly rasbora is a species of ray-finned fish in the Cyprinidae family.
- Originally recorded only in Lake Pedder and inflowing streams, after the construction of the Huon-Serpentine dam in 1972 , its range expanded initially into Lake Gordon and Wedge River.
- The pelagic butterfish, Schedophilus maculatus, is a medusafish of the genus Schedophilus found in all warm oceans.
- The Pelagic cod is found in subantarctic and temperate waters, occasionally being caught in the tropics.
- The pelican eel's most notable feature is its enormous mouth, much larger than its body.
- The Pellegrin's Barb is a species of ray-finned fish in the Cyprinidae family.
- Peltorhamphus tenuis is a righteye flounder of the family Pleuronectidae, found only around New Zealand in enclosed waters less than 100 m in depth.
- The Penang betta grows to a maximum length of 12 cm .
- The peppered flounder is a right-eyed flounder with an oval-shaped body.
- Percichthys melanops is a species of perch-like fish in the Percichthyidae family.
- Percilia gillissi is a species of perch-like fish in the Percichthyidae family.
- Percilia irwini is a species of perch-like fish in the Percichthyidae family.
- The Persian Sturgeon has an elongated, bulky body with a bluish tint.
- Persparsia kopua, is a tubeshoulder of the family Platytroctidae, found around the world in the southern hemisphere between latitudes 30° S and 50° S.
Peruvian eagle ray
- The Peruvian eagle ray is a species of fish in the Myliobatidae family.
- The fish's body is able to cope well with variations in its operating environment with minimal damage, alteration or loss of functionality.
- Petersius conserialis is a species of fish in the Alestiidae family, and the sole member of the genus Petersius.
- The native range of the phantom shiner was the Rio Grande from Espanola downstream to Brownsville, Texas.
- The Philipps' Garra is a species of ray-finned fish in the Cyprinidae family.
- Phoxinus bigerri is a species of minnow that was described in 2007.
- This species was discovered in a hand-dug well in located within the Río Paraguá drainage, a tributary of the Río Iténez in Bolivia.
- The Neon Tetra has a light-blue back over a silver-white abdomen.
- The mimic blenny or piano fangblenny, Plagiotremus tapeinosoma, is a blenny of the genus Plagiotremus, with a wide-spread Indo-Pacific distribution including New Zealand from depths of a few metres to about 20 m.
- The chain pickerel has a distinctive dark chain-like pattern on its greenish sides.
- Pimelodus pictus should not be confused with Leiarius pictus, a much larger pimelodid.
- Notchlip Redhorse is a species of ray-finned fish in the genus Moxostoma.
- The red pigfish, Bodianus unimaculatus, is a wrasse of the genus Bodianus, found in eastern Australia including Lord Howe Island and Norfolk Island, and around New Zealand, including the Kermadec Islands, in reef areas at depths of between 5 and 40 m.
- The pygmy smelt, Osmerus spectrum, is a species of fish in the Osmeridae family.
- The Antarctic icefish belong to the perciform suborder Notothenioidei and are the largely endemic, dominant fish taxa in the cold continental shelf waters surrounding Antarctica.
- Hybridization between saugers and walleyes is not unknown; the hybrids, referred to as saugeyes, exhibit traits of both species.
- The pilot fish congregates around sharks, rays, and sea turtles, where it eats ectoparasites on and leftovers around the host species;
- Pimelodina flavipinnis is the only species of the genus Pimelodina of the family Pimelodidae of catfish .
- Smaller, younger members of this species have the grey body marked with four rows of small dark spots, larger specimens tending to be plain grey.
- The pindani is a species of fish in the Cichlidae family.
- The pineapplefish is native to coastal waters off Queensland, New South Wales, and Western Australia.
- Illustration of a pineconefish, with the anatomy of the skull exposed.
- The pink brotula, Brosmodorsalis persicinus, is a viviparous brotula of the family Bythitidae, the only member of the genus Brosmodorsalis.
- Other names in English include ling, Australian rockling, kingclip, pink ling, and northern ling.
- The pink maomao, Caprodon longimanus, is a sea bass of the subfamily Anthiinae of the family Serranidae, found in the eastern Indian Ocean, and southern Pacific Ocean including Australia and New Zealand, at depths of up to 220 m.
- The pink whipray has a diamond-shaped pectoral fin disk with a very broad, characteristically blunt-tipped snout.
- The Pinktail triggerfish, Melichthys vidua, is a dark green triggerfish with translucent pinkish-white dorsal and tail fins.
- Hardwicke's pipefish or pallid seahorse is a species of fish in the Syngnathidae family.
- Its preferred habitat are backwaters of warm water and little current.
- Japanese ichthyologist Yasunori Miyosi described the pitted stingray in a 1939 issue of the Bulletin of the Biogeographical Society of Japan, based on a specimen collected from the Hyuga-nada Sea in eastern Miyazaki Prefecture, Japan.
- The plain maskray, Neotrygon annotata, also known as the brown stingray , is a species of fish in the Dasyatidae family.
Plain stone loach
- Triplophysa labiata is a species of ray-finned fish in the genus Triplophysa.
- Planiloricaria cryptodon is the only species of the monotypic genus Planiloricaria, a genus of the family Loricariidae of catfish .
- The southern platyfish grows to a maximum overall length of 6.
- IUCN lists the Monterrey platyfish, formerly widespread in Mexico, as Critically Endangered, upgraded from Endangered in 1996.
- Platyallabes tihoni is the only species in the genus Platyallabes of catfishes of the family Clariidae.
- Platyglanis depierrei is the only species in the genus Platyglanis of the catfish family Claroteidae.
- Platystomatichthys sturio is the only species in the genus Platystomatichthys of the catfish family Pimelodidae.
- The suckermouth catfish, Hypostomus plecostomus, is a tropical fish belonging to the armored catfish family , named for the armor-like longitudinal rows of scutes that cover the upper parts of the head and body .
- This is a deep-bodied fish with large mouth and eyes, growing up to 11 cm standard length.
- Sheepshead porgy is a species of fish of the porgy family, Sparidae, only found in the Atlantic Ocean.
- Found only in the Atlantic ocean, Pluma porgies are the most common member of their genus in the Antilles, where they are often used for food
Plump redfin minnow
- It is endemic to South Africa, and threatened by habitat destruction and the impact of invasive species.
Po brook lamprey
- The Lombardy lamprey is a species of fish in the Petromyzontidae family.
- The pocket shark is a very poorly known deepwater shark recorded from the Nazca Submarine Ridge off northern Chile.
- Poecilia wingei is a colorful fish, similar to the guppy.
- The pointed-nose stingray, Himantura jenkinsii, is a species of stingray in the family Dasyatidae.
- The polar cod has a slender body, deeply forked tail, projecting mouth and a small whisker on its chin.
- Nimbochromis polystigma is one of five species of the Nimbochromis genus of Lake Malawi, in the Great Rift Valley system of Africa.
- The Pondicherry shark, Carcharhinus hemiodon is a requiem shark of the family Carcharhinidae, found in the Indo-West Pacific Ocean between latitudes 25° N and 13° S.
- The pool barb is a tropical freshwater and brackish fish belonging to the Puntius genus in the family Cyprinidae.
Poor man's tropheus
- The poor man's tropheus, Hypsophrys nematopus, formerly Neetroplus nematopus, is a species of fish in the family Cichlidae.
- Popeye Shiner is a species of ray-finned fish in the genus Notropis.
- The Popoche Chub is a species of ray-finned fish in the genus Algansea.
- The Popondetta blue-eye or popondetta rainbowfish is a species of fish in the Pseudomugilidae family.
- The porae or blue morwong, Nemadactylus douglasii, is a morwong of the genus Nemadactylus, found around south eastern Australia and the north eastern coast of the North Island of New Zealand at depths of about 10 to 100 metres, on sandy and rocky coasts.
- Adult salmon sharks are medium grey to black over most of the body, with a white underside with darker blotches.
- The porcupine ray, Urogymnus asperrimus, is a species of stingray in the family Dasyatidae, found in shallow coastal waters throughout the tropical Indo-Pacific and off West Africa.
- The Spottail pinfish was described in 1878 by Tarleton Hoffman Bean, an ichthyologist who worked mainly on the Connecticut coast.
- The pinfish is a small fish, growing only to about 4.
- Scup grow as large as 18 in and weigh 3 to 4 lb , but they average 1/2 - 1 lb .
Port Jackson shark
- The Port Jackson shark is a migratory species, traveling south in the summer and returning north to breed in the winter months.
Porthole shovelnose catfish
- The porthole shovelnose catfish or spotted shovelnose catfish, Hemisorubim platyrhynchos, is the only species in the genus Hemisorubim of the catfish family Pimelodidae.
- Notable for living within the deadly tentacles of the Portuguese man o' war, the man-of-war fish is generally found in open sea or close to the siphonophore Portuguese man o' war, after which it is named.
- The Poso halfbeak is a species of fish in the Hemiramphidae family.
- The potato cod, Epinephelus tukula is an endangered, native fish in Australian and surrounding waters.
- It is a species of lamprey that occurs throughout much of the southern hemisphere.
- There are 2 disjunct populations:
- The name "powan" is sometimes also used to refer to the common whitefish .
- Pachypanchax omalonotus is a species of fish in the Aplocheilidae family.
- Predatory carp is a species of ray-finned fish in the genus Chanodichthys.
- The prickly anglerfish, Himantolophus appelii, is a footballfish of the family Himantolophidae, found around the world in the southern oceans , in deep water.
- The prickly dogfish, Oxynotus bruniensis, is a species of sleeper shark, family Dalatiidae, found off southern Australia and New Zealand, on the continental shelf at depths of between 45 and 1,000 m.
- Spiniphryne, also called spiny dreamers, is a genus of deep-sea anglerfish in the family Oneirodidae, containing two species.
- Ephippion is a monotypic genus of Tetraodontidae with the species Ephippion guttifer .
- Blue rockfish have a relatively smooth and oval appearance compared to other members of Sebastes, with very few head spines.
- Habits mainly in black or acidic waters and turbid waters in tributaries and main channel of the middle and low Orinoco.
- Habits mainly in black or acidic waters in tributaries in the Orinoco and Amazonas River Basins.
- The Proserpine Shiner is a species of ray-finned fish in the Cyprinidae family.
- It inhabits a short stretch of River Chornaya where water is extracted in large quantities for irrigation and the species faces a critical risk of extinction in a near future.
- Protomyctophum subparallelum is a lanternfish in the family Myctophidae, found circumglobally in the southern hemisphere south of about 30° S, in deep water.
- Proud dragonet is a species of ray-finned fish in the genus Callionymus.
- The prownose skate is a species of fish in the Rajidae family.
- Prowfish range from the Aleutian Islands, Alaska west to Kamchatka, Russia; from Navarin Canyon in the Bering Sea south to Hokkaidō, Japan and Monterey, California.
- This is a fairly large loricariid , and is distinguished from its congeners by a strong keel on the caudal peduncle and the colour scheme which is generally very dark with bright white or yellow spots on the upperside.
- This is a very small catfish, up to 32 mm standard length, with a body dark brown above with a few scattered pale spots and white below, with a strongly projected upper jaw so that the premaxillary teeth are clearly visible even when the mouth is closed.
- In October 2008, a team of researchers from the University of Aberdeen's Oceanlab and the University of Tokyo's Ocean Research Institute discovered a shoal of P.
- Pseudoloricaria laeviuscula is the only species of the monotypic genus Pseudoloricaria, a genus of the family Loricariidae of catfish .
- Pseudorinelepis is one of three genera contained in the tribe Rhinelepini, one of the tribes of Hypostominae.
- Pseudotatia parva is a species of catfish of the family Auchenipteridae.
- The bumblebee cichlid has an elongate body with vertical yellow-and-black "bumblebee" bars.
- The Demasoni Cichlid, Pseudotropheus demasoni, is a relatively rare cichlid, which originates from a rocky point called Pombo Rocks, within the waters of Lake Malawi located in Tanzania, Africa.
- Pterosturisoma microps is the only species of the monotypic genus Pterosturisoma, a genus of the family Loricariidae of catfish .
- Spectrunculus grandis is a species of ray-finned fish in the cusk-eel family known by the common names pudgy cusk-eel and giant cusk-eel.
- The northern puffer is a club-shaped fish with a gray, brown or olive back and a yellow or white belly .
- Least puffer, Sphoeroides parvus, is a species in the family Tetraodontidae, or pufferfishes.
- The checkered puffer, Sphoeroides testudineus, is a species in the family Tetraodontidae, or pufferfishes.
- Tetraodon pustulatus, the redline pufferfish, is a species of Tetraodon, the largest genus in the pufferfish family.
- As the common name suggests, this fish has a very short, blunt snout.
- Pugnose Shiner is a species of ray-finned fish in the genus Notropis.
- Puntioplites bulu is a species of ray-finned fish in the genus Puntioplites.
- Puntius cataractae is a species of ray-finned fish in the Cyprinidae family.
- This is a small fish with a standard length of up to 40 mm.
- Puntius hemictenus is a species of ray-finned fish in the Cyprinidae family.
- Puntius herrei is a species of ray-finned fish in the Cyprinidae family.
- Puntius manguaoensis is a species of ray-finned fish in the Cyprinidae family.
- Puntius stoliczkanus is with a vertically elongated black blotch behind the gill opening, and a vertically elongated black blotch on the caudal peduncle.
- The purple chimaera or purple ghostshark is a species of fish in the Chimaeridae family.
Purple eagle ray
- The purple eagle ray is a species of fish in the Myliobatidae family.
- The Purple labeo is a relatively large fish that occurs in rocky stretches of large rivers, including the Zambezi, Incomati and parts of the Congo.
- The name Mahasher is commonly used in Urdu, Punjabi and Kashmiri languages in Pakistan for this fish and is said to be made up of two local words: Maha = big and sher = lion as it ascends in the hilly rivers and streams of Himalaya courageously.
- It is a brownish-grey colour, with a whitish underside.
- The pygmy gourami is a tropical freshwater fish belonging to the Trichopsis genus in the family .
- Brachypterois serrulata is a marine fish that is a member of the genus Brachypterois.
- Both sexes are primarily yellow with dark green to black iridescent patches on the flanks and dorsal surface, but as with other members of the genus, sexual dimorphism is apparent in mature fish, with males being more brightly coloured than females.
- The pygmy rainbowfish is a species of fish in the Melanotaeniidae family.
Pygmy ribbontail cat shark
- The pygmy ribbontail catshark, Eridacnis radcliffei, is a species of finback catshark, family Proscylliidae, distributed patchily in the western Indo-Pacific from Tanzania to the Philippines.
- The pygmy sculpin, Cottus paulus, is a species of fish in the Cottidae family.
- This species is known to occur only on gorgonian corals of the genus Muricella, and has evolved to resemble its host.
- Pygmy sharks are ovoviviparous and produce about 8 young in each litter.
- Pygmy Shiner is a species of ray-finned fish in the genus Notropis.