Fish beginning with G
- Palometa are most recognized by their elongated dorsal and anal fins with dark anterior lobes .
Gafftopsail sea catfish
- The gafftopsail catfish, Bagre marinus, is found in the waters of the western central Atlantic Ocean, as well as the Gulf of Mexico and the Caribbean Sea.
- It is found in Anguilla, Antigua and Barbuda, Aruba, the Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, Bermuda, Brazil, Cayman Islands, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominica, the Dominican Republic, French Guiana, Grenada, Guadeloupe, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Jamaica, Martinique, Mexico, Montserrat, Netherlands Antilles, Nicaragua, Panama, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Suriname, Trinidad and Tobago, Turks and Caicos Islands, the United States, Venezuela, the British Virgin Islands, and the U.
- Batfish are not good swimmers; they use their pectoral fins to "walk" on the ocean floor.
- The Galapagos shark, Carcharhinus galapagensis, is a species of requiem shark, family Carcharhinidae, found worldwide.
- The roundhead galaxias, Galaxias anomalus, is a galaxiid of the genus Galaxias, found only in the Taieri and Clutha catchments in Otago, New Zealand.
- Lowland longjawed galaxias are slender and elongate, having coloration consisting of spots and indistinct bands of various shades of brown and grey.
- The flathead galaxias, Galaxias depressiceps, is a galaxiid of the genus Galaxias, found primarily in the Taieri River catchment in Otago, New Zealand.
- The Eldons galaxias, Galaxias eldoni, is a galaxiid of the genus Galaxias, endemic to New Zealand.
- Galaxias globiceps is a species of fish in the Galaxiidae family endemic to Chile.
- The Gollum galaxias, Galaxias gollumoides, is a galaxiid of the genus Galaxias, found only in New Zealand, on Stewart Island/Rakiura, throughout the Catlins and Southland, and in the Nevis River.
- The dusky galaxias, Galaxias pullus, is a galaxiid of the genus Galaxias, found only in the Taieri and Clutha catchments in Otago, New Zealand.
- It is the national fish of South Africa.
- Inshore Lizardfish are bottom-dwellers found over sand and mud in waters as deep as 15 fathoms .
- The Gangetic whiting is the only species of the genus Sillaginopsis, which itself is one of three genera the family Sillaginidae, containing all the smelt whitings.
- The longnose gar ranges in length from 60–182 cm and weighs 0.
- They occur in colonies, on sloping sand bottoms.
- Its pelvic fins are located in a posterior position as are its dorsal and anal fins.
- This is the official marine state fish of California and is protected in California coastal waters.
- Breeding is difficult, as parents must be prevented from eating their own eggs, and require soft, acidic water.
- How much wood could a wood cutter cut if a wood cutter could cut wood?
- Garra dunsirei is a species of ray-finned fish in the Cyprinidae family.
- Garra longipinnis is a species of ray-finned fish in the Cyprinidae family.
- Garra rufa occurs in the river basins of the Northern and Central Middle East, mainly in Turkey, Syria, Iraq and Iran.
- Gastromyzon aeroides is a species of ray-finned fish in the genus Gastromyzon.
- Gastromyzon bario is a species of ray-finned fish in the genus Gastromyzon.
- Gastromyzon farragus is a species of ray-finned fish in the genus Gastromyzon.
- Gastromyzon ingeri is a species of ray-finned fish in the genus Gastromyzon.
- Gastromyzon ridens is a species of ray-finned fish in the genus Gastromyzon.
- Gastromyzon russulus is a species of ray-finned fish in the genus Gastromyzon.
- Gastromyzon scitulus is a species of ray-finned fish in the genus Gastromyzon.
- Gastromyzon umbrus is a species of ray-finned fish in the genus Gastromyzon.
- Gastromyzon venustus is a species of ray-finned fish in the genus Gastromyzon.
- Gastromyzon viriosus is a species of ray-finned fish in the genus Gastromyzon.
- Gastromyzon zebrinus is a species of ray-finned fish in the genus Gastromyzon.
Gecko cat shark
- The gecko catshark, Galeus eastmani, is a cat shark of the family Scyliorhinidae found in deep water in the western Pacific from Japan and the East China Sea, and possibly Viet Nam and the Philippines.
Gejiu blind loach
- Triplophysa gejiuensis is a species of ray-finned fish in the Balitoridae family.
- The Alligator Gar, Gator Gar, or Atractosteus spatula, is a primitive ray-finned fish.
- Cynoglossus cadenati, commonly known as the Ghanaian tonguesole is a species of tonguefish.
- The Ghizáni is a species of ray-finned fish in the Cyprinidae family.
- Stauroglanis gouldingi was described as a new genus and species by Mario C.
- The type locality from which it was described is the primary stream of the Pinoh River at Nanga Saian in West Kalimantan, Indonesia.
- It is found off southern Australia, and south of East Cape and Kaipara Harbour in New Zealand, at depths of 200 meters to 500 meters.
- Ghost Shiner is a species of ray-finned fish in the genus Notropis.
- The ghost skate is a species of fish in the Rajidae family.
- Coryphaenoides leptolepis is a species of fish in the Macrouridae family.
- Ogilby's ghostshark or whitefish is a species of fish in the Chimaeridae family.
- They are usually seen in the big pools along the edges of large rivers, but will seasonally enter smaller canals, floodplains and flooded forests.
- It is very similar to the common bully; they have seven spines in the first dorsal fin but giant bullies always have six.
- This is arguably the largest cichlid, growing to a length of over 90 cm and weighing up to 4-5 kg.
- The giant clingfish, Haplocylix littoreus, is a clingfish of the family Gobiesocidae, the only species in the genus Haplocylix.
- In the wild, Giant Danios live in clear streams and rivers among hills at elevations up to 1000 ft above sea level.
- The Malabar Danio is a tropical fish belonging to the minnow family .
Giant devil ray
- It is larger than the lesser devil ray, and it possesses a spiny tail.
- The goliath grouper is found primarily in shallow tropical waters among coral and artificial reefs at depths of up to 165 feet .
- This giant fish is similar to an Estuary Cod and colour changes with age.
- The Giant Haplo is a species of ray-finned fish in the family Cichlidae.
- The Giant hawkfish has a unique body design mostly deep and compressed, with a mainly olive skin tone sporting golden stripes or bars.
- Mantas have a variety of common names, including Atlantic manta, Pacific manta, devilfish, and just manta.
- The giant moray is widespread in the Indo-Pacific region, being found in the Red Sea and East Africa, the Pitcairn group, north to the Ryukyu and Hawaiian islands, south to New Caledonia and the Austral Islands.
Giant mottled eel
- This anguillid species can be found from East Africa to French Polynesia and north to southern Japan.
- The giant pangasius is pigmented with dusky melanophores.
- The giant grenadier has the usual greatly elongated pointed tail of the rattails.
Giant salmon carp
- The giant salmon carp is a species of ray-finned fish in the Cyprinidae family, of the monotypic genus Aaptosyax.
- There are published reports of giant sea bass reaching a size of 2.
- The young of the giant snakehead are red in color, with orange and black lateral stripes appearing after about two months.
- The giant stargazer, Kathetostoma giganteum, is a stargazer of the family Uranoscopidae, found on the continental shelf around New Zealand.
Giant stumptail stingray
- The giant stumptail stingray, Dasyatis gigantea, is a species of stingray in the family Dasyatidae, known from only two specimens collected from the Peter the Great Bay in the Sea of Japan.
- The giant trevally is a powerful apex predator in most of its habitats, and is known to hunt individually and in schools.
- The giant triplefin, Blennodon dorsale, is a triplefin of the family Tripterygiidae, the only member of the genus Blennodon, found around the coast of New Zealand.
- Although some sources claim that Crucian carp are the wild version of the goldfish , recent research has found that the wild form of the goldfish is actually the Prussian carp .
- The Gila Chub has a large, chunky body, with large, thick scales.
- The gila trout is native to tributaries of the Gila River in Arizona and New Mexico.
- The gilberts grunter is a species of fish in the Terapontidae family.
- The East African Lungfish, is a species of lungfish found in East Africa.
Gilt head bream
- The gilt-head bream is generally considered the best-tasting of the breams and has given the whole family of Sparidae its name.
- The corkwing wrasse is a coastal wrasse, a fish of European waters.
- The girdled wrasse, Notolabrus cinctus, is a wrasse of the genus Notolabrus, found around the South Island of New Zealand including the Chatham Islands and Snares Islands.
- In western Borneo, where they are sympatric, both K.
Glassy bombay duck
- The Glassy Bombay Duck lizardfish which is also known as Harpadon translucens is a type of lizardfish or Synodontidae that lives in the mainly in the Indo-West Pacific
- It is one of the smallest members of the porcupinefish family.
- Glover's hardyhead is a species of fish in the Atherinidae family.
- This species can be readily distinguished from most other Glyptothorax species of the region by its slender body.
- They have two dorsal fins and are notable for scales covering the soft parts of the dorsal and anal fins.
- The goanna fish, Australian halosaur, or common halosaur, Halosaurus pectoralis, is a halosaur of the genus Halosaurus, found in the south west Pacific Ocean.
- Yellow Goatfish are tireless benthic feeders, using a pair of long chemosensory barbels protruding from their chins to rifle through the sediments in search of a meal.
- Gobio benacensis is a species of ray-finned fish in the Cyprinidae family.
- Mitsukurina owstoni is found in the deep ocean, far below where the sun's light can reach at depths greater than 200 m.
- Bembrops gobioides is a species of fish in the Percophidae family.
- Goeldiella eques is a species of catfish of the family Heptapteridae.
- The common mora, Mora moro, is a small deep-sea fish, the only species in the genus Mora.
- Gogo arcuatus is a species of catfish of the family Anchariidae.
- Gogo atratus is a species of catfish of the family Anchariidae.
- Gogo ornatus is a species of catfish of the family Anchariidae.
- Rita gogra is a species of catfish of the family Bagridae.
- Gokcha Barbel is a species of ray-finned fish in the genus Barbus.
- In the wild, the Pearl Danio is found in along the surface of small, clear rivers and hill streams.
Gold stripe sardine
- Fringescale Sardinella is a species of ray-finned fish in the genus Sardinella.
- Pomacentrus auriventris is a Damselfish from the Western Central Pacific.
- It is an omnivore, its diet including shrimp, and is best when supplied with an anemone.
- The Golden Barb or Golden Dwarf Barb is a subtropical freshwater fish belonging to the Cyprininae sub-family of the Cyprinidae family.
- Amblyglyphidodon aureus is a Damselfish from the Western Pacific.
- The golden gudgeon is a species of fish in the Eleotridae family.
- The golden julie is a species of fish in the Cichlidae family.
- Auratus cichlids are small, elongate fish that can grow up to 11 cm.
Golden mola hap
- The golden mola hap is a species of fish in the Cichlidae family.
- The body has a typical cyprinid shape and generally silvery appearance, while the fins are a pinkish red in varying degrees.
- The golden oto is one of the smallest known suckermouth catfish, often called a 'dwarf oto'.
- Pachypanchax playfairi is the only species of freshwater fish endemic to the Seychelles, a group of islands in the Indian Ocean directly east of Tanzania.
- The bigeye lates is a species of fish in the Latidae family.
- The genus name for golden perch — Macquaria — derives from the Macquarie River where the first species in the genus was collected.
- A bottom-feeder, it feeds on microcrustaceans, aquatic insects, detritus, algae, and small mollusks.
Golden shiner minnow
- Though it has been known to reach lengths of 30 cm , in the wild the golden shiner is usually between 7.
- This fish has a very limited distribution in estuaries along the coast of KwaZulu-Natal.
- The golden topminnow, Fundulus chrysotus, is a fish of the genus Fundulus native to southern North America.
- Golden trevally are schooling fish which often follow other large fish, such as sharks, as well as SCUBA divers, for protection from predators.
- The golden weedfish, Cristiceps aurantiacus, is a weedfish of the genus Cristiceps, found around New South Wales, Australia and New Zealand.
- The golden lined whiting is a member of the genus Sillago, which contain 29 other species.
- The male grows to a length of about 7cm while the female is about 4-5cm, and is thus regarded as a dwarf cichlid.
Goldfin tinfoil barb
- Goldfin Tinfoil Barb is a species of ray-finned fish in the genus Poropuntius.
- The Tinfoil Barb is a tropical Southeast Asian freshwater fish of the family Cyprinidae.
- Goldie Barb is a species of ray-finned fish in the genus Barbus.
- The goldribbon soapfish or goldstripe groper, Aulacocephalus temminckii, is a large marine fish of the grouper family, found in the Indo-Pacific oceans.
- The goldsinny has a reddish brown upper body with a paler belly.
- Today, the species is rated as extinct in the wild by the IUCN, though it is noted that this assessment is obsolete
- Goodlad's stinkfish is a species of ray-finned fish in the genus Callionymus.
- Gopher rockfish have a generally mottled appearance, with dark areas generally olive to reddish brown, and the lighter areas being white or maybe pinkish.
- Gorgeous Barb is a species of ray-finned fish in the genus Clypeobarbus.
Graceful cat shark
- The graceful catshark, Proscyllium habereri, is a finback catshark of the family Proscylliidae, found in the western Pacific Ocean, from southeastern Japan to Viet Nam and northwestern Java, at depths of between 50 and 100 m.
- This is one of the smallest of the rattails, growing to no more than 13 cm in length.
- Graham's gudgeon, Grahamichthys radiata, is a New Zealand sleeper of the family Eleotridae, the only member of the genus Grahamichthys.
- Amblycirrhitus pinos, commonly called the redspotted hawkfish, is a Hawkfish from the Western Atlantic.
- The granular dogfish has no anal fin, two dorsal spines with the second one much larger than the first, a large second dorsal fin, a long abdomen, small pectoral and pelvic fins, a large eye, prominent nostrils and spiracles, and brownish-black coloration.
- The combtooth dogfish has no anal fin, grooved dorsal spines, two dorsal fins of about same size, pointed nose, large eyes, small gill slits, a short abdomen, short caudal peduncle, and is blackish-brown in color with white-tipped fins.
- Both subspecies are native to North America.
- In the United States, the fish is also known as White Amur, a name developed to avoid use of the name "carp", which has derogatory connotations in North America.
- Culter alburnus is a species of ray-finned fish in the genus Culter.
- The body is long and about as deep as it is wide.
- It is a demersal fish that lives in sub-tropical waters, at depths between 7 and 180 metres .
- The Gray Redhorse is a species of ray-finned fish in the Catostomidae family.
- It is also reported from the Mediterranean sea and off Angola on the west coast of Africa.
Gray's stone loach
- Gray's stone loach is a species of ray-finned fish in the genus Balitora.
Great hammerhead shark
- The great hammerhead, Sphyrna mokarran, is the largest species of hammerhead shark, family Sphyrnidae, attaining a maximum length of 6.
- The Hawaiian ladyfish, Elops hawaiensis, is a species of fish in the Elopidae family.
- Breeding occurs through between March into August.
- The great seahorse, Kellogg's seahorse, or offshore seahorse is a species of fish in the Syngnathidae family.
Great white shark
- The best selling novel Jaws and the subsequent film by Steven Spielberg provided the great white shark with the image of a "man eater" in the public mind.
- Greater Jumprock is a species of ray-finned fish in the genus Moxostoma.
- The greater redhorse is the largest fish in its genus, averaging around 46 cm and 2 kg and reaching a maximum size of 80 cm and 5.
- The Greek Rudd is a species of ray-finned fish in the Cyprinidae family.
Green humphead parrotfish
- Other common names include bumphead parrotfish, humphead parrotfish, double-headed parrotfish, buffalo parrotfish and giant parrotfish.
Green neon tetra
- This fish is similar in appearance to the closely-related and better-known neon tetra, but it is slightly smaller and its red patch is less pronounced, while the blue-green areas of the upper body are more brilliant.
- The green sunfish reaches a maximum recorded length of about 30 cm , with a maximum recorded weight of 960 g .
- Male swordtails are aggressive towards each other, so they must be kept singly or in groups of five or more.
- As the name implies this species can be very aggressive, especially adult specimens.
- The green wrasse, Notolabrus inscriptus, is a wrasse of the genus Notolabrus.
- The leathery grunter is a species of fish in the Terapontidae family.
- Equally bright as their coloration is their personality; they are valued additions to reef aquaria, with a reputation for being friendly and entertaining.
- Thalassoma sanctahelenae, or the St.
- Greenhead Shiner is a species of ray-finned fish in the genus Notropis.
- The body of the yellowtail rockfish is elongate and compressed.
- Its morphology with the left eye positioned on the dorsal ridge of the forehead gives it an appearance of a cyclops when looking straight at it.
- Superficially, the frilled shark resembles a dark brown or grey eel, but the six gill slits identify it as a shark.
- The fish is maroon, with blue spot that fade to bright red.
- The Greenstripe Barb, Puntius vittatus, is a tropical freshwater and brackish fish belonging to the Cyprininae subfamily of the Cyprinidae family.
- The grenadier cod, Tripterophycis gilchristi, is a morid cod of the genus Tripterophycis, found in the mid-south Atlantic Ocean, and around southern Australia, South Africa, Sumatra, and New Zealand.
- William's Mbuna , also known as Ice Blue Zebra among the aquarium enthusiasts, is a species of fish in the Cichlidae family.
- The gray angelfish, Pomacanthus arcuatus, is a large angelfish of the family Pomacanthidae, found in the western Atlantic from New England to the vicinity of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, and also the Bahamas, the Gulf of Mexico, and the Caribbean, including the Antilles, at depths of between 2 and 30 m.
- The grey brotula or orange cuskeel, Bidenichthys consobrinus, is a cusk eel of the genus Bidenichthys, found around northern New Zealand.
- The grey cutthroat eel, Synaphobranchus affinis, is a cutthroat eel, the only species in the genus Synaphobranchus, found globally.
- The grey knifefish, Bathystethus cultratus, is a sea chub of the genus Bathystethus, found in New Zealand.
- The spearfish remora, Remora brachyptera, is a remora of the family Echeneidae, found around the world in tropical and subtropical seas.
- The grey moray, Gymnothorax nubilus, is a moray eel of the genus Gymnothorax, found around the offshore islands off Northland and the Bay of Plenty on the North Island of New Zealand.
- The grey smooth-hound, Mustelus californicus, is a houndshark of the family Triakidae, found on the continental shelves of the subtropical eastern Pacific from northern California to the Gulf of California between latitudes 40° N and 23° N, from the surface to 200 m.
- The speckled moray, or Griffin's moray, Gymnothorax obesus, is a moray eel of the genus Gymnothorax, found in Australia and around the offshore islands off Northland and the Bay of Plenty on the North Island of New Zealand at depths down to 100 m, in reef areas of broken rock.
- Apolemichthys griffisi is a marine angelfish from the Pacific Ocean.
- Gross's stinkfish is a species of ray-finned fish in the genus Callionymus.
- A medium sized fish that can reach a length of 60cm.
- Alternatively, the term "white grouper" is also used as a local vernacular name for several other species of fish, including the yellowedge grouper , Nassau grouper , and Venezuelan grouper .
- The fish is variable in color but is usually similar in appearance to the Black Grouper.
- The grunt sculpin or grunt-fish, Rhamphocottus richardsonii, is the only member of the fish family Rhamphocottidae.
- The Guadalupe bass is a rare species of fish, which is endemic to the U.
- Breeding can be achieved with very little effort and no specific requirements are needed for breeding purposes.
- The species is a carnivorous, highly predatory fish.
- This species reaches a maximum overall length of approximately 3.
- The Graceful priapella , also known by its original Spanish name guayacon ojiazul is a presumed to be extinct freshwater fish species within the Poeciliidae family.
- The pelagic stingray, Pteroplatytrygon violacea, is a species of stingray in the family Dasyatidae, and the sole member of its genus.
- The California Yellowtail is a species of ray-finned fish of the family Carangidae.
- Polypterus ansorgii, commonly called Guinean Bichir, is a bony fish from rivers and other freshwater habitats in Western Africa, ranging from Guinea-Bissau to Nigeria.
- Guinean puffer, Sphoeroides marmoratus, is a species in the family Tetraodontidae, or pufferfishes.
- The banded guitarfish, mottled guitarfish, prickly skate, or striped guitarfish is a species of fish in the Rhinobatidae family.
- The Aspredinidae are a small South American family of catfishes also known as the banjo catfishes.
Gulf cat shark
- The gulf catshark, Asymbolus vincenti, is a cat shark of the family Scyliorhinidae found only off Western Australia at depths of between 27 and 220 m.
- The Gulf menhaden occurs throughout the Gulf of Mexico, but its distribution is heterogeneous.
- It is a demersal marine fish that lives in tropical waters, inhabiting sandy bottoms at depths between 18 and 347 metres .
- Acipenser oxyrinchus is a species of sturgeon with two subspecies:
- Gulper sharks live in deep water below 200 m to as deep as 1,200 m.
- Gummy shark meat is often marketed as "flake".
Gunther's lizard fish
- The Gunther's lizardfish which is also known as Synodus kaianus is a type of lizardfish or Synodontidae that seems to live mainly in the Pacific Ocean this fish species is extremely rare and so far only one specimen has been found in Hawaii.
- The gwyniad is sometimes considered a subspecies or population of the common whitefish of continental Europe.
- Gymnallabes nops is a species of catfish of the family Clariidae.
- Gymnothorax bacalladoi is a moray eel of the family Muraenidae, found only around the Canary Islands in the eastern central Atlantic, at depths of between 17 and 605 m.