An adult weighs approximately two kilograms, or 4.4 pounds, with a snout to tail length varying from 31 cm (12.12 inches) to 57 cm (22.4 inches).
The Large Hairy Armadillo makes its home in Bolivia, Argentina,Chile, Paraguay, and Tierra del Fuego. They can be found from sea level to 1300 meters, in grasslands, savanna, forests, and farmland. Their species is widely distributed and highly adaptive. Some live close to human habitation, and indulge in "dumpster diving" meals, with maggots being a favorite treat.
Humans consider them pests, but also delicious. They are eaten and enjoyed quite extensively. Due to their heavy armor, the Large Hairy Armadillo's only serious predators is man. They are hunted for sport, food, or making musical instruments. They are often victims of road kill as well, due to their poor eyesight.
Large Hairy Armadillos are powerful and fast diggers, due to the long sharp claws on their forefeet. They dig burrows, simple ones for temporary shelter, or complex burrows with branches that are used for living space and raising their young. They are usually nocturnal, but during the wintertime, some daylight activity is not unusual.
Except for humans and their appetites, dogs, and cars, the Large Hairy Armadillo doesn't have such a bad life. They can be quite long-lived, reaching over twenty three years in captivity. Due to their adaptability and omnivorous diet, they have made a presence in large parts of South America.
Picture of the large hairy armadillo by Guérin Nicolas, licensed under GFDL
Which zoos have them?Artis (Netherlands)
The Large hairy armadillo is listed as Least Concern. Does not qualify for a more at risk category. Widespread and abundant taxa are included in this category, on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
Namings for the large hairy armadilloA young / baby of a large hairy armadillo is called a 'pup'. The females are called 'zed' and males 'lister'. A large hairy armadillo group is called a 'fez'.
Large hairy armadillo habitatsArable Land, Artificial / Terrestrial, Cold Desert, Desert, Dry savanna, Forest, Grassland, Hot Desert, Moist savanna, Pastureland, Plantations, Rural Gardens, Savanna, Shrubland, Subantarctic forest, Subtropical / Tropical Dry Grassland, Subtropical / Tropical Dry Shrubland, Temperate Desert, Temperate forest, Temperate Grassland and Temperate Shrubland
Some facts about the
Adult weight : 2 kg (4.4 lbs)
Maximum longevity : 25 years
Female maturity :273 days
Male maturity : 273 days
Gestation : 67 days
Weaning : 56 days
Litter size : 2
Litters per year : 1
Weight at birth : 0.128 kg (0.2816 lbs)
Basal metabolic rate : 5 W
Body mass : 4.54 kg (9.988 lbs)
Temperature : 34.85 °C (94.73 °F)