The body length of a male reaches up to 4 ft 7 inches (1.4 meter) and it weighs around 190 lb (85 kg). The body length of a female is around 3 ft 7 inches (1.1 meter) and weighs around 77 lb (35 kg). The length of the tail can be from 3 to 3.3 ft (0.9 to 1 meter). The average height of a red kangaroo is about 4 ft 11 inches (1.5 meters). Because of the location of its eyes, the line of vision of the red kangaroo approximately ranges up to 300°.
The red kangaroos are known for maintaining their internal temperature at about 97°F (36 degrees Celsius) using physical, behavioral, and physiological adaptations.
They are mainly active when it is cool in the evening or at night and usually prefer solidarity or roam about in small groups. Each mob consists of three to ten kangaroos but sometimes there can be several hundreds of them in a group. Male kangaroos are not defensive and there can be fights among males for the female when it comes into heat and the largest male becomes dominant over most of the females. The red kangaroos are crepuscular and nocturnal and spend their daytime relaxing or sleeping.
This is an herbivorous species that feeds on grasses and a variety of other vegetation. It can spend long periods without water as long as green vegetation is available and also has the ability to suck moisture from green plants.
There is no specific time for breeding among red kangaroos. Breeding period prolongs all year round. The female does not give birth until its first baby leaves the pouch. This unique ability to delay birth is found only in red kangaroo females. This ability to delay birth is known as embryonic diapause. The gestation period lasts for 33 days. The baby leaves its mother's pouch permanently when it is 235 days old but continues to suckle up till one year of age.
Picture of the red kangaroo by user Fir0002 for Flagstafffotos, licensed under GFDL
Which zoos have them?Birmingham Zoo (United States), Los Angeles Zoo (United States) and Saint Louis Zoological Park (United States)
The Red kangaroo is listed as Least Concern (LR/lc), lowest risk. Does not qualify for a more at risk category. Widespread and abundant taxa are included in this category, on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
Namings for the red kangarooA young / baby of a red kangaroo is called a 'joey'. The females are called 'flyer or doe' and males 'boomer or buck'. A red kangaroo group is called a 'mob, troop or court'.
Some facts about the
Adult weight : 55 kg (121 lbs)
Maximum longevity : 25 years
Female maturity :517 days
Male maturity : 806 days
Gestation : 33 days
Weaning : 360 days
Litter size : 1
Interval between litters : 241 days
Weight at birth : 0.001 kg (0.0022 lbs)
Weight at weaning : 5 kg (11 lbs)
Basal metabolic rate : 31 W
Body mass : 28.5 kg (62.7 lbs)
Temperature : 35.85 °C (96.53 °F)