Brown lemurs are typically herbivores, eating fruits, flowers, and leaves, but they will, on occasion, eat centipedes, millipedes, and other insects. They will also consume bark, sap, and clay. Their habitat of forests, both rain forests and dry forests, ensures that they have an ample supply of food, with plenty of plant and animal life around to nibble on.
They are excellent jumpers, moving from tree to tree with ease and use their tail for balance when needed. They spend less than 2% of their time on the ground. When on the ground, they usually run around on all 4 legs.
Brown lemurs typically live in groups of 5 to 12 individuals. There doesn't appear to be any hierarchy among these groups and one group may claim up to 20 hectacres of territory.
In terms of conservation status, Brown lemurs are considered to be "vulnerable". This is largely due to loss of habitat, as forests are destroyed by humans. As the human population of Madagascar grows, more forests are being destroyed for agricultural purposes, both the planting of crops and the grazing of animals. Lemurs are found in a variety of protected areas, parks, and in zoos, which should help to preserve their population. Their natural predators are eagles, hawks, or domestic cats who may eat a new born.
Picture of the Brown Lemur by David Dennis, licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 2.0 Generic
The Brown lemur is listed as Least Concern (LR/lc), lowest risk. Does not qualify for a more at risk category. Widespread and abundant taxa are included in this category, on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
Namings for the brown lemurA brown lemur group is called a 'troop'.
Some facts about the
Adult weight : 3.15 kg (6.93 lbs)
Maximum longevity : 36 years
Female maturity :608 days
Male maturity : 548 days
Gestation : 118 days
Weaning : 153 days
Litter size : 1
Litters per year : 2
Interval between litters : 537 days
Weight at birth : 0.083 kg (0.1826 lbs)
Basal metabolic rate : 4 W
Body mass : 2.374 kg (5.2228 lbs)
Temperature : 36.85 °C (98.33 °F)