Hamadryas Baboon

Hamadryas baboonThe Hamadryas Baboon (Papio hamadryas) is an old world monkey, living in Africa in Eritrea, Egypt, Ethiopia, Somalia and the Arabian Peninsula (Saudi Arabia and Yemen). Like all other baboons, there is a big difference in size between male and females. Males tend to be twice as big as females. They live in 'harems' of which one male, the Alpha-male, is the leader and up to 15 females can follow him. Such a harem is called an 'OMU', or 'One Male Unit', and is a highly complex social structure. Its main threat is habitat loss, because of transformation into fields and pasture land. It faces almost no threat from leopards and lions because of the low numbers of these animals in the range of the Hamadryas Baboon.

Interesting fact: In old Egypt, the Hamadryas Baboon was a sacred animal, since it was the attendant to the deity Toth, hence it is also called the 'Sacred Baboon'.


The Hamadryas baboon, sacred baboon is listed as Near Threatened (LR/nt), is close to qualifying for or is likely to qualify for a threatened category in the near future, on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species

Namings for the hamadryas baboon
A young / baby of a hamadryas baboon is called a 'infant'. A hamadryas baboon group is called a 'troop, congress, tribe or flange'.
Hamadryas baboon habitats
Desert and Hot Desert
Some facts about the
Hamadryas baboon

Adult weight : 18 kg (39.6 lbs)

Maximum longevity : 38 years

Female maturity :1514 days

Male maturity : 1762 days

Gestation : 171 days

Weaning : 300 days

Litter size : 1

Litters per year : 1

Interval between litters : 568 days

Weight at birth : 0.814 kg (1.7908 lbs)

Weight at weaning : 3.95 kg (8.69 lbs)

Mortality rate doubling time : 4 years

Basal metabolic rate : 21 W

Body mass : 12.671 kg (27.8762 lbs)

Source: AnAge, licensed under CC

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