Recent DNA evidence and genetic testing has shown that the three types of Tahr may not be related as closely as once figured, with the Himalayan Tahr being left in its own Genus, and the other two species moved to their own genera.
The Binomial name and species of the Himalayan Tahr is Hemitragus jemlahicus, with it being the sole member of its Genus Hemitragus. Hemitragus belongs to the Subfamily of Caprinae within the Tribe Caprini. In the Caprini Tribe the wild goat, domestic goat, domestic sheep, and the other tahrs are members, along with other relatives. Within the Subfamily it is related to the Musk ox, and takin of the Ovibovini Tribe, and the serows, gorals, mountain goats, and chamois of the Naemorhedini Tribe. Caprinae belongs to the Family Bovidae which are called the bovids. Bovids are a large and varied family, which include many different species like cattle, sheep, goats, and many more. This belongs to the Infraorder Pecora which has species like giraffes, pronghorns, deer, and a large number more. Pecora in turn belongs to the Suborder Ruminantia, of which only one other Infraorder exists (that is not extinct or unknown) which has just 6 living species; Ruminantia is also the means that all members are ruminants and have complex digestive systems. Ruminantia belongs to the Order Artiodactyla, of which all the even toed ungulates belong – even toed ungulates walk on two or four digits, like pigs, cows, and camels. Artiodactyla belongs to the Superorder Laurasiatheria, of which many orders, suborders, families, and species are members, from the carnivores to the fruit bats, and horses. Laurasiatheria belongs to the Infraclass Eutheria which is all placental mammals (you and I included) and that belongs to the Subclass Theria, which combines the Placentals with the Marsupials and 99.9% of all living mammals (kangaroos, koalas and many more), however this does not include the Monotremes.
Interesting Fact about the Himalayan Tahr
The Himalayan Tahr has become such a pest in New Zealand that it is legal and encouraged to hunt them.
Picture of the Himalayan Tahr by Michail Jungierek, licensed under GFDL
The Himalayan tahr is listed as Vulnerable (VU), considered to be facing a high risk of extinction in the wild, on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
Some facts about the
Adult weight : 35.2 kg (77.44 lbs)
Maximum longevity : 22 years
Female maturity :547 days
Male maturity : 730 days
Gestation : 183 days
Weaning : 151 days
Litter size : 1
Litters per year : 1
Interval between litters : 365 days
Weight at birth : 2 kg (4.4 lbs)