Birds beginning with K
- The Kadavu Fantail is restricted to tropical moist lowland forests, where it feeds by flycatching for insects. It sometimes joins mixed-species feeding flocks with Polynesian Trillers, Fiji Bush-warblers and Silvereyes. The breeding season is October and November. It is threatened by habitat loss.
- Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests and tropical mangrove forests.
- The Kagu's affinities are not too well resolved. It was long one of the most enigmatic birds and in more recent times usually affiliated with the Gruiformes. It was initially classed as a member of the family Ardeidae because of its powder down, and an affinity with the Ardeidae is suggested by some morphological The case for this is not strengthened by more recent data however.
- Its natural habitat is subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests. It is threatened by habitat loss.
- The Kai Coucal is a species of cuckoo in the Cuculidae family. It is endemic to Indonesia.
- The New Zealand Kaka was described by German naturalist Johann Friedrich Gmelin in 1788. There are two subspecies, the North Island Kākā, Nestor meridionalis septentrionalis, and the South Island Kākā, N. m. meridionalis. The name Kākā is a Māori language word meaning "parrot".
- Kakapo are critically endangered; as of February 2010, only 123 Two large Fiordland islands, Resolution and Secretary, have been the subject of large-scale ecological restoration activities to prepare self-sustaining ecosystems with suitable habitat for the Kakapo.
- The Kākāwahie lived in the Akoke Forests. Its stronghold in the Akoke Forests was the Kamokau Plateau, where it would always be seen before disappearing in 1963.
- The name is also spelt Kaleege in old texts, such as Game Birds of India and Asia by Frank Finn,
- It was formerly treated as a subspecies of the Dusky Grasswren. The English qualifier ‘Kalkadoon’ refers to the name of the Aboriginal group that used to inhabit the area where it is found. The specific epithet ballarae refers to the deserted mining town of Ballara, in north-western Queensland between Mount Isa and Cloncurry.
- Its natural habitat is subtropical or tropical moist shrubland. It is threatened by habitat loss.
- The Karoo Bustard , also known as Karoo Korhan, is a species of bird in the Otididae family. It is found in Lesotho, Namibia, and South Africa.
- The scientific name commemorates the German ornithologist, Hermann Schlegel
- Its natural habitat is subtropical or tropical dry shrubland.
- It is a species of karoo scrub, fynbos and bracken covered slopes in semi-desert and mountains. The former eastern subspecies P. m. hypoxantha is now usually considered to be a separate species, the Drakensberg Prinia, P. hypoxantha.
- This is an insectivorous species which breeds in the north-west Himalayas in the Kashmir area of Pakistan and India. It is migratory and winters in the hills of central Sri Lanka and the Western Ghats of India.
- Its natural habitats are boreal forests and temperate forests.
Katanga Masked Weaver
- The Katanga Masked-weaver is a species of bird in the Ploceidae family. It is found in Democratic Republic of the Congo and Zambia.
- The Kauaʻi ʻAmakihi is the species of ʻAmakihi that is found on Kauaʻi. It was created when the original Amakihi spread across the islands as they migrated. These birds eventually stopped moving and adapted with the islands. Each form of the ʻAmakihi is slightly different from the others from color, song, and habitat. The Kauaʻi ʻAmakihi is a common green bird that appears to have some resistance to the diseases. It has been confused as a greener form of the ʻAnianiau. It is slightly larger, about five inches long. It has a dark eye stripe that goes down to the bill which is also black.
- The Common ʻAmakihi or Hawaiʻi ʻAmakihi is a species of finch in the Hawaiian honeycreeper subfamily, Drepanididae. It is endemic to the main Hawaiian Islands except for Lanai, where it has been extirpated. It is one of the most common honeycreepers, inhabiting all types of habitat on the islands at elevations from sea level to 8,000 feet . Of all the forest birds native to Hawaii, the Common ʻAmakihi has been affected the least by habitat changes, and can even be seen in suburban Oahu. It is suspected that it is evolving resistance to diseases such as avian malaria. The Common ʻAmakihi is a small bird, measuring about 4 inches in length. It is a yellow-green bird with a small black bill that is 0.5 inches long and has brown eyes with black pupils.
- This bird was among the smallest of the Hawaiian honeyeaters, if not the smallest species, at just over 20 centimetres in length. It was black or very dark shiny brown with sparse yellow leg feathers and faint white banding on the breast and underwings. It was named the ʻōʻō ʻāʻā by the natives which means dwarf ʻōʻō. Like other honeyeaters it had a sharp, slightly curved bill for sampling nectar. Its favored nectar sources were Lobelia species and the ʻohiʻa lehua tree, and it also ate small invertebrates and fruit.
- Considerable taxonomic confusion has surrounded this species. "Aberrant Mealy Amazons", which actually were the Kawall's Amazon, were first noted in more than 100 years ago, but it was only in 1989 the Kawall's Amazon was recognised as a species after Brazilian bird keeper Nelson Kawall received a few unusual amazons. Although it resembles the Mealy Amazon, the Kawall's Amazon can easily be recognised by its white patch of skin at the base of the bill, relatively small grey ocular ring , red near the base of the tail, overall brighter green hue and voice.
- Kea are known for their intelligence and curiosity, both vital to their survival in a harsh mountain environment. Kea can solve logical puzzles, such as pushing and pulling things in a certain order to get to food, and will work together to achieve a certain objective.
- The Keel-billed Motmot is a species of bird in the Momotidae family. It is found in Belize, Costa Rica, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, and Nicaragua. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests and subtropical or tropical moist montane forests. It is threatened by habitat loss.
- Including its bill, the Keel-billed Toucans ranges in length from around 17 to 22 inches . Their large and colorful bill averages around 5-6 in , about one-third of its length. While the bill seems large and cumbersome, it is in fact a spongy, hollow bone covered in keratin, a very light and hard protein.
- Kelp geese inhabit areas of southern Chile and Argentina, mainly in Patagonia, Tierra del Fuego, and the Falkland Islands. They habitat rocky coasts around their food sources.
- The African subspecies L. d. vetula is sometimes split as the Cape Gull, L. vetula. It has a more angular head and a smaller shorter bill. The adult has a dark eye, whereas the nominate Kelp Gull usually has a pale eye. Young Cape Gulls have almost identical plumage to similarly aged Kelp Gulls.
- The Kemp's Longbill is a species of Old World warbler in the Sylviidae family. It is found in Cameroon, Ivory Coast, Ghana, Guinea, Liberia, Nigeria, and Sierra Leone. Its natural habitat is subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests.
- Adult Kentucky Warblers are about 13 cm in length. They are mostly an olive-green in color on their back and nape, and a brilliant yellow below from their throat to their belly. They have a small tinge of black on their crown, and a large black mask with a yellow pattern that runs from the beak and encircles the eyes, resembling a pair of spectacles. Female Kentucky warblers have slightly less black on the sides of their head, and immature birds may have almost no black at all.
- The Kenya Grosbeak-canary or Southern Grosbeak-canary is a species of finch in the Fringillidae family. It is found in Kenya and Tanzania. Its natural habitat is subtropical or tropical dry shrubland.
Kenya Violet-backed Sunbird
- The Eastern Violet-backed Sunbird , also known as the Kenya Violet-backed Sunbird, is a species of bird in the Nectariniidae family. It is found in arid savanna of East Africa, ranging from Djibouti in north to Tanzania in south. It is part of the violet-backed sunbird superspecies.
- The Kerguelen Petrel, Lugensa brevirostris, is a small slate-grey seabird in the family Procellariidae. The species has been described as a "taxonomic oddball", being placed for a long time in Pterodroma before being split out in 1942 into its own genus Lugensa . The genus was not widely accepted until 1985, though subsequent research has supported it. The position within the procellariids is still a matter of debate; when it was split away from the Pterodroma petrels it was suggested that it may be a fulmarine petrel, whereas a 1998 study placed the species close to the shearwaters and the genus Bulweria.
- This seabird mainly breeds colonially in the Kerguelen Islands, as its common name implies. However, smaller colonies are also found in the Prince Edward Islands and Crozet Islands. The total number of individuals is from 3500-6500 birds, although there is no recent data from the main colony at Kerguelen. These birds do not inhabit Kerguelen proper, instead nesting on islets free of feral cats. During bad weather, they are known to abandon their colonies.
- It is found in Australia, Chile, Japan, Mexico, Micronesia, New Zealand, Norfolk Island, Pitcairn, and the United States.
- Falco rupicolus Daudin, 1800 Falco tinnunculus interstictus
Key West pigeon
- The Key West Quail-dove breeds in the Bahamas and, except for Jamaica, throughout the Greater Antilles. It formerly bred in the Florida Keys and southernmost mainland Florida. It was discovered on Key West and that is how the bird received its name. Although no longer breeding in Florida, it occasionally is still recorded on the Keys and southernmost mainland Florida as a vagrant. It lays two buff colored eggs on a flimsy platform built on a shrub. Some nests are built on the ground.
Khasia Hills cuckoo
- This species is a widespread summer migrant to Europe and Asia, and winters in Africa. It is a brood parasite, which lays its eggs in the nests of other bird species, particularly of Dunnocks, Meadow Pipits, and Eurasian Reed Warblers.
- Its natural habitat is swamps. It is threatened by habitat loss.
- The King Bird-of-paradise is distributed throughout lowland forests of New Guinea and nearby islands. This so-called "living gem" is the smallest and most vividly colored among birds of paradise. The diet consists mainly of fruits and arthropods.
- King Eider winters in arctic and subarctic marine areas, most notably in the Bering Sea, the west coast of Greenland, eastern Canada and northern Norway. It also occurs annually off the northeastern USA, Scotland and Kamchatka. This species dives for benthic invertebrates like crustaceans, polychaete worms, and molluscs, with mussels being a favoured food. Wintering birds can form large flocks on suitable coastal waters, with some flocks exceeding 100,000 birds.
- King penguins eat small fish, mainly lanternfish, and squid and rely less than most Southern Ocean predators on krill and other crustaceans. On foraging trips they repeatedly dive to over 100 metres , often over 200 metres . Thus the King Penguin dives far deeper than any other penguin, notably excluding their closest relative, the larger Emperor Penguin.
- This species is the smallest "true quail" and is quite common in aviculture worldwide. In the wild they range from southeastern Asia to Oceania with 10 different subspecies. It sometimes goes by the name "button Quail", though this name properly refers to similar-looking but distantly related birds of the genus Turnix.
- The King Vulture, Sarcoramphus papa, is a large bird found in Central and South America. It is a member of the New World vulture family Cathartidae. This vulture lives predominantly in tropical lowland forests stretching from southern Mexico to northern Argentina, though some believe that William Bartram's Painted Vulture of Florida may be of this species. It is the only surviving member of the genus Sarcoramphus, though fossil members are known.
- Both the common name "King of Saxony" and the scientific specific name "alberti" were given to honour Albert of Saxony. The bird is sometimes known as "Kisaba" by the natives of Papua New Guinea and Western New Guinea, as a human interpretation of the male's loud call.
- It is endemic to Atlantic forest in south-eastern Brazil. For a long time this species was feared to be extinct, as it went unrecorded during the 20th century until two birds were observed in Serra dos Órgãos on several days in October 1996. Since these sighting, there have not been any confirmed records, although at least one recent - but unconfirmed - record exists from near Ubatuba. Consequently, it is considered critically endangered by BirdLife International.
- The cause of its extinction is unknown.
- The Kipengere Seedeater is a species of finch in the Fringillidae family. It is found only in Tanzania. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moist montanes and subtropical or tropical high-altitude shrubland. It is threatened by habitat loss.
Kirtland's wood warbler
- Kirtland's Warbler, Dendroica kirtlandii, is a small songbird of the New World warbler family , named after Jared P. Kirtland, an Ohio doctor and amateur naturalist. Nearly extinct just 50 years ago, it is well on its way to recovery. It requires large areas of dense young jack pine for its breeding habitat. This habitat was historically created by wildfire, but today is primarily created through the harvest of mature jack pine, and planting of jack pine seedlings.
- The common name of this species commemorates the German zoologist Heinrich von Kittlitz, who first collected this species.
- The adult Kittlitz’s Plover is 14–16 cm long. In breeding plumage it has a grey-brown back, crown and wings, an orange breast shading to white on the lower belly, and long dark grey legs. The forehead and throat are white, with black lores and a black frontal bar, the latter extending as a stripe down the sides of the neck and around the hind neck.
- The species was named by French explorer François Le Vaillant after his Khoikhoi servant. Le Vaillant was the only colonial biologist to name a bird species after local people.
- Its natural habitat is subtropical or tropical swamps. It is threatened by habitat loss and overpopulation of the tsetse fly, its major enemy.
- The Little Stint, Calidris or Erolia minuta, is a very small wader. It breeds in arctic Europe and Asia, and is a long-distance migrant, wintering south to Africa and south Asia. It occasionally is a vagrant to North America and to Australia. It is gregarious in winter, sometimes forming large flocks with other Calidris waders, particularly Dunlin, on coastal mudflats or the edges of inland pools.
- Its natural habitat is subtropical or tropical dry forests. It is threatened by habitat loss.
- An Indonesian endemic, the Knobbed Hornbill is distributed in the tropical evergreen forests of Sulawesi, Buton, Lembeh, Togian and Muna Island.
Knysna Scrub Warbler
- The Knysna Scrub Warbler Bradypterus sylvaticus is a very cryptic warbler, endemic to South Africa. Population small and probably declining. Has a distinctive call which can be used to call it into sight with. A small population of about 40 pairs exists on the eastern slopes of Table Mountain, Cape Town. Most breeding territories are in dense vegetation along streams. Nests very close to the ground. Possibly highly philopatric - one of three colour-ringed nestlings was seen a year later occupying its parent territory. May undertake local migration.
- This species lays two eggs in a shallow platform nest made from sticks and placed in a tree or clump of creepers.
- Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests, moist savanna, and subtropical or tropical moist shrubland. It is threatened by habitat loss.
- The Koepcke's Hermit, Ermite De Koepcke, or ErmitaÑO De Koepcke is a species of hummingbird in the Trochilidae family. It is found only in Peru. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests and subtropical or tropical moist montanes. It is threatened by habitat loss.
- The Koepcke's Screech-owl is a species of owl in the Strigidae family. It is found in Bolivia and Peru. Its natural habitat is subtropical or tropical moist montanes.
Kofiau Paradise Kingfisher
- The Kofiau Paradise Kingfisher is a tree kingfisher endemic to the Indonesian island Kofiau. This little-known bird is sometimes considered a subspecies of the Common Paradise Kingfisher .
- The North Island Kōkako, Callaeas cinerea wilsoni has blue wattles .The South Island Kōkako, Callaeas cinerea cinerea, by contrast has largely orange wattles, with only a small patch of blue at the base .
- Koklass Pheasant is a monotypic species of genus Pucrasia with nine subspecies recognised so far. These are:
- The former range of the Hawaiian Duck included all of the main Hawaiian islands except the island of Lānaʻi. Its range is now restricted to the island of Kauaʻi. The Hawaiian Duck was extirpated on all other islands, but was subsequently reestablished on Oʻahu, Hawaiʻi, and Maui through release of captive-reared birds. However, all the Hawaiian Ducks in the reestablished populations have bred with feral Mallard ducks and have produced hybrid offspring that is fully fertile ; consequently, "pure" Hawaiian Ducks are still only found on Kauaʻi.
- The Kona Grosbeak is an extinct species of finch in the Hawaiian honeycreeper subfamily, Drepanidinae. The Kona Grosbeak was endemic to naio forests on ʻaʻā lava flows at elevations of 1,400–1,500 metres near the Kona District on the island of Hawaii. The species was already very rare when it was first discovered, being found in only about 10 square kilometres , and was last collected in 1894. Reasons for its extinction are not very well known. The genus is known from fossils from Kauai, Oahu and Maui.
- The Kopje Warbler is a species of bird in the Cisticolidae family. It is monotypic within the genus Euryptila. It is found in Namibia and South Africa. Its natural habitat is subtropical or tropical dry shrubland.
- The Kordofan Lark has a range that is quite large spanning seven African nations; Burkina Faso, Chad, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Senegal, and Sudan. Its global Extent of Occurrence is estimated at 1,900,000 km2.
- The Kori Bustard is mostly grey in color, with a black crest on its head and yellow legs. Kori Bustards are often found with bee-eaters riding on their backs as they stride through the grass. The bee-eaters make the most of their walking perch by hawking insects from the bustard's back that are disturbed by the bustard's wandering. This is a large and heavy bird, and it avoids flying if possible. It spends most of its time on the ground, foraging for the seeds and lizards which make up most of its diet.
- Emberiza koslowi is restricted to the eastern part of the Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau, in eastern Tibet and southern Qinghai, China, where several large valleys cut into the plateau, including those of the Tongtian River , the Lancang Jiang and the Nu Jiang . It is known by just a few scattered records in this inaccessible and poorly known area, but it appears to be genuinely rather scarce and localised.
- It was discovered in 1827 by Heinrich von Kittlitz. Von Kittlitz described its plumage as general black with bluish gloss. The quills were more brownish. The chin and the middle of the troat were brown. The surface of its tail were brownish-black. The undertail coverts exhibit white spots. The inner wing coverts were brownish and were spotted with white. The outer edged of the first primary was dull brown. Eyes, legs and feet had a reddish hue. The bill was black. Its size was about 18 cm.
- The Kozlov's Accentor or Mongolian Accentor is a species of bird in the Prunellidae family. It is found in China and Mongolia.
- It occurs in Turkey, Georgia, Russia and on the Greek island of Lesvos.
- The Kretschmer's Longbill is a species of Old World warbler in the Sylviidae family. It is found in Kenya, Mozambique, and Tanzania. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests and subtropical or tropical moist montanes.
- The Kuhl's Lorikeet also called Rimatara Lorikeet, Rimitara Lorikeet, Kuhl's Lory, or Kura is a species of lorikeet in the Psittacidae family. It is one of several species of Vini lorikeets found in islands ranging across the South Pacific. It is a fast flying lorikeet with vibrant plumage; a green back, wings and crown, a blue nape and legs and bright red undersides and cheeks.
- The Kolombangara Monarch is a species of bird in the Monarchidae family. It is endemic to Solomon Islands.
- The Hermit White-eye is a species of bird in the Zosteropidae family. It is endemic to the Solomon Islands.
- Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical dry forests and subtropical or tropical moist montanes. It is threatened by habitat loss.