Thought of as a solitary being, the Striped Hyena has a complicated social setup. The striped hyenas do not emit whooping calls that the spotted hyenas emit. Instead, the former have greeting rituals, and far-distance communications are done via scent-marking. More often than not, the Striped Hyena is nocturnal, foraging alone or with a single companion. Group member may eat at a single setting, but it is a very rare occurrence. Fact is, they would avoid competitions over food, and speaking of foods, they are scavengers adn they spend a lot of time looking for carrion.
The newborns are blind, and they are produced after a gestation time of about ninety days, approximately. The female has half a dozen nipples, while the brown kind has less. The adults would bring food to the "nesting dens" to feed the young.
Just like so many other animals, the numbers of these hyenas are going down.
Interesting fact: This hyena could be called a "master scavenger", it is capable of digesting things other animals would not dare "touch". One could take in bones, while indigestible matters such as horns are regurgitated.
Picture of the striped hyena by Martin Bayer, licensed under GFDL
The Striped hyaena is listed as Near Threatened (LR/nt), is close to qualifying for or is likely to qualify for a threatened category in the near future, on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
Namings for the striped hyenaA young / baby of a striped hyena is called a 'cub, pup or whelp'. The females are called 'bitch' and males 'dog'. A striped hyena group is called a 'clan or cackle'.
CountriesAfghanistan, Algeria, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Djibouti, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Georgia, Guinea, India, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Kenya, Kuwait, Lebanon, Libya, Mali, Mauritania, Morocco, Nepal, Niger, Nigeria, Oman, Pakistan, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Somalia, Sudan, Syria, Tajikistan, Tanzania, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkmenistan, United Arab Emirates, Uzbekistan, Western Sahara and Yemen
Striped hyena habitatsDesert, Dry savanna, Grassland, Hot Desert, Savanna, Subarctic forest and Subtropical / Tropical Dry Grassland
Some facts about the
Adult weight : 40 kg (88 lbs)
Maximum longevity : 25 years
Female maturity :800 days
Male maturity : 800 days
Gestation : 90 days
Weaning : 279 days
Litter size : 3
Interval between litters : 237 days
Weight at birth : 0.7 kg (1.54 lbs)
Basal metabolic rate : 32 W
Body mass : 34.3 kg (75.46 lbs)
Temperature : 36.85 °C (98.33 °F)