Spotted hyena

Spotted hyenaThe Spotted Hyena or 'Laughing Hyena' (Crocuta crocuta) is the largest species of hyena. Its coat is sandy, yellowish or gray with dark brown spots on most of its body. Males are built lighter than females, males can weigh from 45 to 60 kg, while females can weigh 55 to 75 kg on average, but large females have been recorded that weigh up to 90 kilograms. The females are dominant over the males. Spotted hyenas form groups which are called 'clans', which can grow up to 80 members. The size of their territory varies extremely from as small as 40 square kilometers in the Ngorongoro crater to 1000 square kilometers in the Kalahari. The clans defend these territories, but can also make long foraging trips to the neares ungulate herd. This has been labelled a "commuting" system... Among other vocal communication, the Spotted hyena's trademark is the giggling. This is associated with fear or excitement and is often given when an individual is being chased. Its diet consists of a variety of animals, including zebras, gazelles, wildebeest, topi, kongoni, waterbuck, eland, impala, warthog, hares, lions, ostrich eggs, Cape buffalo, bat-eared fox, golden jackal, porcupine, puff adder, domestic animals, termites, afterbirth other hyenas.

Image by rich115, found on Flickr, licensed under Attribution ShareAlike License v. 2.0

Which zoos have them?
Saint Louis Zoological Park (United States)

The Spotted hyaena is listed as Conservation Dependent (LR/cd), the focus of a continuing taxon-specific or habitat-specific conservation programme targeted towards the taxon in question, the cessation of which would result in the taxon qualifying for one of the threatened categories below within a period of five years, on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species

Namings for the spotted hyena
A young / baby of a spotted hyena is called a 'cub, pup or whelp'. The females are called 'bitch' and males 'dog'. A spotted hyena group is called a 'clan or cackle'.
Some facts about the
Spotted hyena

Adult weight : 63 kg (138.6 lbs)

Maximum longevity : 41 years

Female maturity :1095 days

Male maturity : 639 days

Gestation : 110 days

Weaning : 265 days

Litter size : 2

Litters per year : 1

Interval between litters : 449 days

Weight at birth : 1.39 kg (3.058 lbs)

Weight at weaning : 14.5 kg (31.9 lbs)

Source: AnAge, licensed under CC

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