Order : Chiroptera
Family : Rhinolophidae
Subfamily : Rhinolophinae
Facts about the subfamily Rhinolophinae, the horseshoe bats
colony of rare Greater Horseshoe bats is stuck in the middle of a battle over the reopening of a quarry in North Devon.
Eastern Horseshoe-bats are small bats that roost in caves, mines, tunnels and boulder piles in eastern Australia.
landscape that supports greater horseshoe bats is closely linked with agricultural management, including dairy and beef farming.
Lesser horseshoe bats are particularly sensitive to disturbance especially of their nursery and winter roosts.
Lesser horseshoe bats are rare in Britain and in Staffordshire are only found in the southern tip of the county.
Some of the horseshoe bats are protected in this way.
The maternity roost of greater horseshoe bats is only the fourth such found in Wales.
The rapid decline of horseshoe bats is not fully understood, though certainly many large nursery colonies have been destroyed, accidentally and deliberately.
" Nocturnal greater horseshoe bats are one of Britain's largest species of bat with a wingspan of around 36cm and weighing up to 28g. (Full text)
Population changes Following worrying declines in their numbers during the 1980s, the West Wales population of greater horseshoe bats is expanding again. (Full text)
All bats follow paths, but horseshoe bats are especially dependent on them. (Full text)
Hipposiderine monophyly is strongly supported by morphological data (Simmons, 1998; Bogdanowicz and Owen, 1998; Hand and Kirsch, 1998) and monophyly of Rhinolophinae is supported by morphology (Bogdanowicz and Owen, 1992; Simmons, 1998) and immunological data (Pierson, 1986). (Full text)
Horseshoe bats are found in tropical and temperate regions from Europe . (Full text)
Links with agriculture The landscape that supports greater horseshoe bats is closely linked with agricultural management, including dairy and beef farming. (Full text)