The royal plec, royal pleco, or royal panaque, Panaque nigrolineatus, is a herbivorous freshwater catfish from South America known for being one of the few fish that digest wood.

The Panaque lives in the benthopelagic, freshwater, pH range: 6.5 - 7.5, dH range: 2 - 15 environment.

The genus Panaque contains a small number of small to medium sized South American armoured catfishes that are notable for being among the very few vertebrates that feed extensively on wood . More

panaque has no steez! What a bum! What's Dope panaque has nothing to show you. More

Panaque nigrolineatus in an aquarium Scientific classification Kingdom: Animalia Phylum: Chordata Class: Actinopterygii Order: Siluriformes More

There are several undescribed varieties of Panaque that are very similar to Panaque nigrolineatus and are commonly traded as aquarium fish . These may be regional variations, subspecies, or closely related species. More

Physical description: The Royal Panaque is covered everywhere but the belly with large bony plates. The head is large, broad, and flat. The mouth is on the underside of the head and is shaped like a suction cup. More

loricariid catfishes of the genus Panaque have teeth which appear to be specialized for gouging, and that individual Panaque can be captured with gastrointestinal tracts filled with wood shavings. More

The genus Panaque contains a small number of small to medium sized South AmericaSouth America South America is the southern continent of the Americas, situated entirely in the Western Hemisphere and mostly in the Southern Hemisphere, with a relatively small portion in More

Ancistrini species L239, or the "blue panaque," is a small loricariid (suckermouth) catfish that has been placed, temporarily, in the tribe Ancistrini, which identifies it as an ancistrine-type catfish, with the physical characteristics of one or more related genera. More

Panaque and Scobinancistrus are clearly closely related and came out in a clade together in Armbruster (2004). Isbrücker et al. (2001) added to the confusion by recognizing Panaqolus for the small species of the P. dentexspecies group. More

The clown pleco, or Panaque maccus, is a pleco that many people say is useless because it only eats on driftwood, by many people say that it is a great algae eater, which it is. More

The Genus Panaque is identified by the teeth, which are spoon-shaped. This means that the teeth are noticeably wider at the tip than at the base. Other loricariidae have teeth that are similar width all the way from one end to the other. More

Panaque nigrolineatus(2) Adult and juvenile - showing contrast in pattern - Click to enlarge - Adult and juvenile - showing contrast in pattern Panaque nigrolineatus(3) - Click to enlarge - Panaque nigrolineatus(4) Close-up of interopercular spines More

Julian Dignall begins a two-part article on Panaque – a group of gorgeous suckermouth catfish with a knack of reducing your bogwood to sawdust! This month he looks at the larger members of the genus. More

Panaque cochliodon (Steindachner, 1879) nother of the earliest kept members of the Loricariidae family is this very impressive looking Panaque one of two similar blue-eye types, one from the Rio Magdalena Colombia, possibly Panaque cochliodon, More

The Panaque nigrolineatus was first described by Peters in 1877. Commonly called the ... More $29. More

Panaque is that its species span a range of sizes from three inches upwards, so that there truly is one for every aquarium. They aren’t fussy about water chemistry, and will do as well with mbuna as they will with discus. More

Royal panaque (nigrolineatus) at tyne valley aquaticsAdded to Quicklist0:44Royal panaque (nigrolineatus) at tyne valley aq...1,470 viewspondguru Very cool fish (Black Ghost knife)Added to Quicklist0:58Very cool fish (Black Ghost knife)58,121 viewssqbbe Panaque cf. Nigrolineatus (L330) Fighting!!!!Added to Quicklist1:58Panaque cf. More

Common names

Acari-da-pedra in Portuguese (Português)
Carachama in Spanish (español)
Kongesugemalle in Danish (dansk)
Panaque in English
Panaque in Other
Panaque nigrolineatus in Catalan (Català)
Pléco royal in French (français)
Punasilmäpleko in Finnish (suomen kieli)
Royal catfish in English
royal panaque in English
Royal plec in English
Schwarzlinien-Harnischwels in German (Deutsch)
Stribet sugemalle in Danish (dansk)
黑線巴拉圭鯰 in Mandarin Chinese
黑线巴拉圭鲶 in Mandarin Chinese

Order : Siluriformes
Family : Loricariidae
Genus : Panaque
Species : Panaque nigrolineatus
Authority : Peters, 1877