Humboldt Penguin

Humboldt Penguins are medium-sized penguins, growing to 65-70 cm long and a weight of 3.6-5.9 kg . They have a black head with a white border running from behind the eye, around the black ear-coverts and chin, to join on the throat. They have blackish-grey upperparts and whitish underparts, with a black breast-band extending down the flanks to the thigh. They have a fleshy-pink base to the bill. Juveniles have dark heads and no breast-band. They have spines on their tongue which they use to hold their prey.

Picture of the Humboldt Penguin has been licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike.
Original source: Own work
Author: Adam Kumiszcza

The Humboldt Penguin is classified as Vulnerable (VU), considered to be facing a high risk of extinction in the wild.

Humboldt Penguins nest on islands and rocky coasts, burrowing holes in guano and sometimes using scrapes or caves. In South America the Humboldt Penguin is found only along Pacific coast, and the range of the Humboldt Penguin overlaps that of the Magellanic Penguin on the central Chilean coast. Conservation - The current status of this penguin is vulnerable, due to a declining population caused in part by over-fishing. More

* Humboldt penguins are named after the cold Humboldt current which flows along the coast of North and South America. * These penguins are one of the most timid species of penguins. * Humboldts often get tangled in fishing nets, or their eggs get trampled by guano harvesters. More

Humboldt penguins, also known as the Peruvian penguins, are members of the Spheniscus genus, This warm weather penguin lives mostly on rocky mainland shores, especially near cliffs, or on islands off the coasts of Chile and Peru. They do not migrate preferring to reside in temperate waters year round. Although, their principal threat is the activity of man, Humboldts, like the Galapagos penguins, are vulnerable to disturbances in their food chain caused by strong El Nino currents. More

* Humboldt penguins are one of the most timid species of penguins! * Humboldt penguins are named after the cold Humboldt current which flows along the coast of North and South America! << back to BIRDS Animal Fact Sheets = Humboldt Penguin (Spheniscus humboldti) - Classification and Range Humboldt penguins belong to the family Spheniscidae which includes More

The Humboldt penguin is often called the Peruvian penguin, although they are also found in Chile. It is found on the rugged coast and offshore islands of Chile and Peru. The name Humboldt came from the early European explorer that first saw these animals. Humboldt penguin Humboldt penguin These penguins stand about 24 inches(60 centimeters) and weighs 6 1/2 to 11 pounds (3 to 5 kilograms). More

Humboldt penguins breed year-round and their eggs incubate for 40 days before hatching. The young penguins eat food regurgitated from their parents and try swimming for the first time at about 3 months. Of the 17 penguin species, Humboldt penguins are the most threatened. With nearly 30 penguins, the Oregon Zoo has one of the largest collections of Humboldts in the country. Meet, Yellow Left, Crash and Bonita, three of the zoo's Humboldt penguins. More

Humboldt penguins are only found along the Pacific coast of South America, from Isla Foca (5 More

Humboldt penguins are thought to be declining in number. One of the reasons is due to El Nino increasing water temperatures and reducing food supply. They breed on the Pacific coast of South America and offshore islands of Chile and Peru. Watch video clips from past programmes (2 clips) - In order to see this content you need to have an up-to-date version of Flash installed and Javascript turned on. More

Humboldt Penguins are between 56 and 66 cms (22 - 26 inches) in height and they weigh between 4.5 and 5 kgs (10 - 11 lbs). They are coloured black/dark grey on their back and white on their front. They have a distinctive, black, horseshoe shaped band on their front and a white stripe on their head. Their legs and feet are black and their feet are webbed with claws on their toes to assist them when climbing over rocks. Their beak is black and it has a fleshy, pink base. More

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The Humboldt penguin is currently an endangered species. This is due primarily to commercial harvesting of guano for agricultural fertilizer. Without nesting locations, the Humboldt penguins are in serious danger of extinction. Some estimates indicate the possibility of extinction in the wild in the next 10 years. The Akron Zoo houses these penguins as part of the Species Survival Plan, which is a cooperative effort with other zoos to save endangered species through work in captivity and in the wild. More

humboldt penguin: an endangered species at Bagheera ENDANGERED IN THE WILD endangered species at Bagheera ENDANGERED EARTH NEWS for Februanry 2010 endangered species at Bagheera ENDANGERED EARTH JOURNAL coming soon BAGHEERA ENDANGERED EARTH ENDANGERED EARTH NEWS ENDANGERED TV IMAGINE ANIMALS More

Humboldt penguins are an endangered species found along the rocky coast of Peru and Chile in the Humboldt Current (after which they are named). This current flows northward along the west coast of South America, bringing low salinity and nutrient-rich water from Antarctica. These penguins nest on islands and rocky coasts, burrowing holes in guano. PHYSICAL DESCRIPTION Humboldt Penguins are medium-sized growing to 28 inches long and weighing 10 lbs. More

Humboldt Penguin breeds in a hot Mediterranean to desert climate. Populations fluctuate under the influence of El Ni More

Juvenile Humboldt penguins have a dark gray head and back and a white belly. Humboldt penguins are similar in size to Magellanic penguins, having an average length of about 70 cm and an average weight of 4 kg. Their eyes are reddish brown and their bills are slightly larger than that of Magellanics. World Range & Habitat = The Humboldt penguin, Spheniscus humboldti, is found on islands and along the rocky coasts of Peru and Chile. More

Humboldt Penguins generally feed at shallow depths on schools of anchovies, sardines, araucanian herrings or silverside. This puts them in direct competition with commercial fisheries. As in other penguins, the exact species taken at a given location and time may vary substantially depending on temporal food availability and other species may be taken in large numbers under certain conditions. More

Humboldt Penguinedit this page = From Penguin Wiki Humboldt Penguin File:250px-Penguincotswoldwildlifepark.jpg Species Scientific Name: Spheniscus humboldti World Conservation Union Status: Vulnerable Size Height: From 26-28 in (65-70 cm) Weight: 10.4 lbs (4. More

The Humboldt Penguin is a South American penguin, breeding in coastal Peru and Chile. This penguins nearest relatives are the African Penguin, the Magellanic Penguin and the Galápagos Penguin. The Humboldt Penguin is named after Alexander von Humboldt, a naturalist and explorer who first described the animal to western observers. Humboldt Penguin Characteristics Humboldt Penguins are medium-sized, black and white penguins, growing 65 - 70 centimetres tall. More

Humboldt Penguin Conservation = May 1, 2008 - In the Field - Punta San Juan (4/29/08) Today is our last day in the field conducting a health assessment on the Humboldt penguins at Punta San Juan (PSJ). The weather was perfect this morning and we worked on the same beach we were at yesterday. This beach (S5) is definitely one of my favorite sites at PSJ. More

The Humboldt Penguin lives in South America along the Pacific Coast. It is found in both Chile and Peru. They enjoy the warmer climate compared to many other types of penguins out there. They live on the rocky areas around the shores. Behavior Due to the warm temperatures where the Humboldt Penguins live, they don’t engage in the migration process. The physical appearance of these penguins is very much the same for both the males and females. More

Humboldt penguins are named after the cold current of water running from the Antarctic to the equator along the west coast of South America (itself named after the German naturalist Friedrich Humboldt). Humboldt penguins are medium-sized penguins with proportionately large heads, black backs and tails, and a black band across the chest that runs down the body beneath the flippers to the black feet. The face is also black, but separated from the head and neck by a white border. More

Humboldt penguins nest on rocky coasts and islands with suitable terrain for constructing nest burrows (2) (7). Biology - These penguins are monogamous and can be found in their breeding colonies throughout the year although the main breeding seasons are from March to April and September to October, depending on the location (3) (7). The birds dig burrows into the sand or guano cliffs, or find small crevices in which to lay the eggs. More

Humboldt penguins are listed as endangered in Peru, and in Chile there is a 30-year moratorium on hunting and capturing them. Most areas where Humboldt penguins occur are protected areas. Protection of the Humboldts could be enhanced if they were listed as endangered. If this were the case, trade in guano and small fish may be more strictly controlled, because the harvesting of both can decrease population size. More

Home > WildCare Institute > Humboldt Penguins in Peru Center for Conservation of the Humboldt Penguin in Punta San Juan, Peru = penguins_humboldt01_sm.jpg: Humboldt penguinspenguin_humboldt_wild_sm.jpg: Humboldt penguins in Puntos San Juanpenguin_humboldt_research_sm.jpg: Zoo staff make penguin decoys in Puntos San JuanWCI_penguin05_sm.jpg: wallpenguin_humboldt_sm.jpg: Humboldt penguinWCI_penguin06_sm.jpg: observing Location: Peru Project Managers: Michael Macek, Dr. More

Click on the Humboldt penguin to hear what it sounds like! How did they get their name? Humboldt penguins are named after the cold Humboldt current which flows along the coast of North and South America. Where do they live? Rugged coast and offshore islands of Chile and Peru. How long do they live? Humboldt penguins live approximately 20 years in the wild. More

Humboldt penguins spend most of their time in the ocean, primarily in the Humboldt Current (which they were named after). The Humboldt Current is a long, narrow flow of cool water that runs north from Antarctica. In the ocean, these penguins are graceful and quick swimmers. On land it is another story. They come ashore only to lay eggs and raise their young. More

Humboldt Penguins in an aquarium. The penguin is an accomplished swimmer, having flippers instead of wings. What seems clear is that penguins belong to a clade of Neoaves (living birds except paleognaths and fowl) that comprises what is sometimes called "higher waterbirds" to distinguish them from the more ancient waterfowl. This group contains such birds as storks, rails, and the seabirds, with the possible exception of the Charadriiformes. Inside this group, penguin relationships are far less clear. More

RANGE: The Humboldt penguin lives along the coasts of Chile and Peru in the southeastern Pacific Ocean. Range Map MIGRATION: When not raising chicks, these penguins have been known to travel long distances at sea to find food, especially in recent years as prey species become increasingly scarce. BREEDING: Humboldt penguins can breed at any time of year, usually digging burrow-like nests among piles of guano in caves and along cliffs. More

The Humboldt penguin has a black band across the chest, a narrow white crown that runs from the top of the head down the neck, and splotchy pink patches on the face, feet, and underneath the wings. It has a larger, stouter bill than most other penguins its size. Unlike other birds, the feathers on a penguin’s wings are very short. During a molt, birds can look very scruffy. More

Picture of Spheniscus humboldti above has been licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial.
Original source: Ondřej Zicha
-Ondřej Zicha -Author: Ondřej Zicha
Permission: Some rights reserved
Order : Sphenisciformes
Family : Spheniscidae
Genus : Spheniscus
Species : humboldti
Authority : Meyen, 1834