Genus Coturnix

King Quail - This species is the smallest "true quail" and is quite common in aviculture worldwide. In the wild they range from southeastern Asia to Oceania with 10 different subspecies. It sometimes goes by the name "button Quail", though this name properly refers to similar-looking but distantly related birds of the genus Turnix.


Rain Quail - Grassland, cropped fields and scrub in the Indus valleys of Pakistan, the Gangetic plains, of the central Republic of India and parts of peninsular continental India. Mostly seen in winter further south.

Common Quail - It is a small rotund bird, essentially streaked brown with a white eyestripe, and, in the male, a white chin. As befits its migratory nature, it has long wings, unlike the typically short-winged gamebirds.


Harlequin Quail - The Harlequin Quail is a species of bird in the Phasianidae family. It is found in Angola, Botswana, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Comoros, Republic of the Congo, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Ivory Coast, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Kenya, Lesotho, Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mozambique, Namibia, Nigeria, Oman, Rwanda, São Tomé and Príncipe, Senegal, Somalia, South Africa, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Uganda, Yemen, Zambia, and Zimbabwe.

Japanese quail - The Japanese quail is used mainly for table and egg production, and is a good dual purpose bird. Krishi Vigyan Kendra Kannur under Kerala Agricultural University has produced video album containing songs and visuals on Japanese Quail production under Creative Extension series.


New Zealand Quail - The New Zealand Quail, or koreke , has been extinct since 1875. The male and female were similar, except for the fact the female was lighter. The first scientist to describe it was Sir Joseph Banks when he visited New Zealand on James Cook's first voyage. The first specimen was collected in 1827 by Jean René Constant Quoy and Joseph Paul Gaimard on Dumont D'Urville's voyage. It has sometimes been considered conspecific with the Australian Stubble Quail, which would then be named Coturnix novaezelandiae pectoralis as it was only scientifically described after the New Zealand birds were.


Pectoral Quail - The Stubble Quail, Coturnix pectoralis is an Australian quail of the family Phasianidae. It has sometimes been considered conspecific with the extinct New Zealand Quail. In this case, the latter species' name would have priority and the Stubble Quail would become Coturnix novaezelandiae pectoralis. However, while phylogenetic analysis of three separate mitochondrial control region sequences in 2009 showed a close phylogeneic relationship between the two birds, it confirmed that they are separate species.

Brown Quail - The Brown Quail is distributed in agricultural areas, wet grasslands, shrublands and freshwater wetlands across much of New Guinea and the Lesser Sunda Islands as well as in northern, eastern, south-eastern and south-western Australia and Tasmania, though absent from arid regions. This species has been introduced to Fiji and New Zealand.

Order : Galliformes
Family : Phasianidae
Genus : Coturnix