Prothonotary Warbler

The Prothonotary Warbler is 13 cm long and weighs 12.5 g. It has an olive back with blue-grey wings and tail, yellow underparts, a relatively long pointed bill and black legs. The adult male has a bright orange-yellow head; females and immature birds are duller and have a yellow head.

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The Prothonotary Warbler is classified as Least Concern. Does not qualify for a more at risk category. Widespread and abundant taxa are included in this category.

The Prothonotary Warbler (Protonotaria citrea) is a small songbird of the New World warbler family. It is the only member of the genus Protonotaria. The Prothonotary Warbler is 13 cm long and weighs 12.5 g. It has an olive back with blue-grey wings and tail, yellow underparts, a relatively long pointed bill and black legs. The adult male has a bright orange-yellow head; females and immature birds are duller and have a yellow head. More

Prothonotary Warbler is a striking sight. More

Prothonotary Warbler forages actively in low foliage, mainly for insects and snails. The song of this bird is a loud repeated tweet-tweet-tweet-tweet. These birds are declining in numbers due to loss of habitat. They are also parasitized by the Brown-headed Cowbird (Molothrus ater), or outcompeted for nest sites by the House Wren (Troglodytes aedon). This bird was named after officials in the Roman Catholic Church known as the protonotarii, who wore golden robes. More

Prothonotary warblers are rarely ever found far from some body of water, whether it be a slow running river or creek, a large wooded lake, their favorite flooded bottomland forests, or a low spot in the forest that maintains temporary standing water. Even backyard ponds and swimming pools have attracted prothonotaries occasionally. More

The Prothonotary Warbler is one of the most dazzling of North American birds. Males and females look alike, but males are somewhat more colourful. They have golden yellow heads and breasts, yellow-green backs, and slate-blue wings and tails. Prothonotaries don't have wing bars, but white tail spots are quite prominent. More

Commonly called the Golden Swamp Warbler, the Prothonotary Warbler is a striking, bright orange yellow color. Adult males are brighter than females and have an orange yellow head and neck and a bright olive upper back. The breast and belly are yellow fading to buff, and the crissum is white. The edges of the wings are bluish gray, but the scapulars are olive green. The rump and tail are bluish gray; white spots on the tail feathers are most conspicuous during flight. More

the Prothonotary Warbler is one of the most dazzling of North American birds. They have golden yellow heads and breasts, yellow-green backs, and azure blue wings and tails. Males and females look alike, but males are somewhat more colorful. Prothonotaries don More

Prothonotary Warbler is a dash of gold. Its common name refers to Catholic notaries privileged to wear golden hoods. This migratory songbird nests in cavities—of over 50 warblers in North America, only Lucy's Warbler shares this behavior. The future of the Prothonotary Warbler depends in part on the vanishing mangrove habitat within their wintering grounds. Appearance: The Prothonotary Warbler is a small songbird with brilliant plumage. More

Prothonotary Warblers in the Little Tchefuncte Habitat 2. Description and Song 3. Courtship and Nesting 4. Habitat and Interesting Facts 5. Prothonotary Migration 6. Prothonotaries in Nest Box Photographs more... Contents at a Glance 1. Prothonotary Warblers in the Little Tchefuncte Habitat 2. More

The Prothonotary Warbler, so named for the title of a court clerk who traditionally wore a bright orange-yellow robe, is brilliantly costumed. The head and underparts are golden-orange (yellow in females), olive back, and blue-gray wings and tail flecked with white and black legs and thin pointed dark bill. The unstreaked yellow breast and underparts and lack of wing bars helps to separate it from other species. More

The Prothonotary Warbler is unique among eastern warblers because it nests in tree cavities in flooded forests. It is found during the breeding season across much of the eastern United States ranging from Florida to eastern Texas and north to Wisconsin and New Jersey. The breeding stronghold for the species, however, is in the lowlands of the southeastern United States, especially the Mississippi Alluvial Valley. More

The Prothonotary Warbler has a large range, estimated globally at 2,200,000 square kilometers. Native to the Americas and nearby island nations, this bird prefers temperate, subtropical, or tropical forest ecosystems. The global population of this bird is estimated at 1,800,000 individuals and does not show signs of decline that would necessitate inclusion on the IUCN Red List. For this reason, the current evaluation status of the Prothonotary Warbler is Least Concern. More

Nest Building: The Prothonotary Warbler is the only eastern wood warbler that nests in cavities. They nest over or near water, in natural cavities or abandoned woodpecker holes in dead snags, stumps, and rotten wood. Nests can be from 2 to 12 feet off the ground but are found most commonly at five feet. They also use nest boxes placed in shady areas near standing water. More

The "Golden Swamp Warbler," as the Prothonotary Warbler has been nicknamed, typically builds its nest in a natural cavity or one excavated by a woodpecker. Sometimes it nests in nest boxes. The nest site is almost always located near or over water. The nest is initiated by the male, usually before the females have arrived on the breeding territory in the spring. Males may construct several dummy nests. Nests are built out of twigs, leaves, moss, lichens, or other plant materials. More

Prothonotary Warbler, Robert Bruce Horsfall, The Birds of North Carolina, T. Gilbert Pearson, C.S. Brimley, H.H. Brimley, 1919 Robert Bruce Horsfall About five inches long with radiant colors. Conspicuous black eyes and beak stand out from the rich orange head. Orange neck, throat and breast with lighter belly. Greenish yellow back. More

Prothonotary Warblers migrate to parts of Central and South America and the West Indies. Adults and juveniles begin to travel south to wintering grounds in late July and mid-August. In the winter, they inhabit mangroves and freshwater swamps. Prothonotaries roost communally on the wintering ground, and pair bonds between males and females persist. More

* Prothonotary Warbler videos on the Internet Bird Collection * Prothonotary Warbler Information - South Dakota Birds and Birding * Prothonotary Warbler Species Account - Cornell Lab of Ornithology * Prothonotary Warbler - Protonotaria citrea - USGS Patuxent Bird Identification InfoCenter * Smithsonian National Zoological Park - Bird of the Month: Prothonotary Warbler "The Swamp Songster" by Lisa Petit (January More

and need for damp lowland woods, Prothonotary Warblers breed mainly in the southeastern United States and winter in mangrove forests of Central and South America. This species, which nests in cavities, is threatened by habitat destruction on both its breeding and wintering grounds. ECOLOGY Prothonotary Warblers breed in wooded swamps, flooded bottomland forests, and along slow-moving rivers. As the only eastern wood warblers that nest in cavities, the birds often use old Downy Woodpecker nests in dead snags. More

Prothonotary Warbler - Protonotaria citreaThe Prothonotary Warbler is so named because their bright yellow "hoods" are reminiscent of those of a historical group of official scribes of the Catholic Church. Unlike nearly every other warbler, they nest in tree holes and sometimes in bird houses. With the large scale cutting of bottomland hardwoods in the southeastern United States, numbers of the Prothonotary Warbler fell sharply by the early 1900s. More

Browse: Home / I and the Bird, Trips / Prothonotary Warbler in Central Park Prothonotary Warbler in Central Park - By Mike • April 26, 2008 • 15 comments Corey and I visited Central Park this morning for some early spring birding. At this point in the season, a good day might be 8 species of warbler, rather than 20. We topped 8 just barely, but made up in quality what we lacked in quantity. More

warbler-prothonotaryThe Prothonotary Warbler is a beautiful ray of “sunshine” in watery woods. A.C.Bent, author of the old standard, Life Histories of North American Birds, maintains that the Prothonotary is a poorly named species, a botching of naming rules accurately but poorly applied. It should be the Golden Swamp Warber, he maintains. More

Features: The Prothonotary Warbler (Protonotaria citrea) is a very attractive small songbird with a bright golden-yellow head and under parts, dark blue-gray wings and rump, and large white tail spots. This warbler has quite specific habitat requirements, nesting in the dead trees of flooded woodlands or deciduous swamp forests. The Prothonotary is the only cavity-nesting warbler in North America. It typically selects a small hole, low in the trunk of a decaying tree, as the site in which to build its moss- lined nest. More

The Prothonotary Warbler is one of the rare birds in Maryland. This insect-eating bird is found in swampy areas in the woods. TOP Migration The Prothonotary Warbler migrates to Mexico and the tip of Florida. The earliest that the bird has ever shown up in Maryland is March 31st, but it is more common from early May on. It leaves to go south as early as August, and all are gone by October. More

Picture of Protonotaria citrea above has been licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike license.
Original source: Amber Coakley
Author: Amber Coakley
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Order : Passeriformes
Family : Parulidae
Genus : Protonotaria
Species : citrea
Authority : (Boddaert, 1783)