Pine Grosbeak

Adults have a long forked black tail, black wings with white wing bars and a large bill. Adult males have a rose-red head, back and rump. Adult females are olive-yellow on the head and rump and grey on the back and underparts. Young birds have a less contrasting plumage overall, appearing shaggy when they moult their colored head plumage.

The Pine Grosbeak is classified as Least Concern. Does not qualify for a more at risk category. Widespread and abundant taxa are included in this category.

Pine Grosbeaks breed in sub-arctic and boreal conifer forests. In Washington, they are typically found in lodgepole pine, mountain hemlock, subalpine fir, whitebark pine, and Engleman spruce. They generally breed in wet areas or other openings near the tree line. Their non-breeding habitat is determined by available food, but often contains mountain ash, ash, maple, and other broadleaved trees. More

The Pine Grosbeak (Pinicola enucleator) is a large member of the true finch family, Fringillidae. It is found in coniferous woods across Alaska, the western mountains of the United States, Canada, and in subarctic Fennoscandia and Siberia. This species is a very rare vagrant to temperate Europe; in all of Germany for example, not more than 4 individuals and often none at all have been recorded each year since 1980. More

The Pine Grosbeak, Pinicola enucleator, is a large finch. It is the only member of its genus and represents an ancient divergence of the ancestors of the bullfinches (Arnaiz-Villena et al., 2001), diverging perhaps a dozen mya during the Clarendonian. More

Male Pine Grosbeak photographed in Warren late last month Photos by Don Reimer Female Pine Grosbeak by Don Reimer At 8 to 10 inches in length, the Pine Grosbeak is the largest of the winter finches. These plump, colorful birds nest in boreal forest regions stretching from Alaska to Nova Scotia. They are exceedingly tame and will often permit close approach while feeding. More

Pine Grosbeak: Feeds on seeds, buds, fruits, and insects; favorites include crabapple, bittersweet, barberry, and mountain ash fruit, and birch, pine, and spruce seeds; forages in trees and on the ground. Readily Eats Safflower, Apple Slices, Suet, Millet, Peanut Kernels, Sunflower Seed, Fruit Vocalization Pine Grosbeak: Song varies from a clear, loud carol full of trills to a soft, flowing warble. More

Pine Grosbeaks reported on Christmas Bird Counts around the province have seldom numbered more than 100, although over 200 were noted on the Wolfville Count in 1977 and on the Halifax West Count in 1978. Description Length: 23-25 cm. Adult male: Head, rump and underparts rose-red, becoming gray on belly; wings and tail black, the wings with two white bars; back dark gray, the feathers margined with rose-red. More

* Pine grosbeaks are the largest of the northern finches. * The Pine Grosbeak was depicted on the 1986 series Canadian $1000 bill. * These birds love pine trees. Even their genus name Pinicola is Latin for pine dweller. * A group of grosbeaks are collectively known as a "gross" of grosbeaks. More

One of the larger members of its family, the Pine Grosbeak is a bird of the boreal forests, found across northern Eurasia and North America, and south into the mountains of western Canada and the United States. A large, unwary finch, it makes periodic winter irruptions into southern Canada and northern United States. It is the largest and rarest of the "winter finches. More

The pine grosbeak is a large, stout-bodied finch with a body length of about 7.9 in (20 cm) and weighing about 2 oz (57 g). It has a short, slightly forked tail and a short, stout, conical beak. The male is colored overall red, with black wings with white wing-bars, a dark tail, and grayish patches on the belly. The female has a yellowish olive head and rump, and gray underparts and back. More

The Pine Grosbeak is the largest of the "winter finches," averaging 8 - 10" long (20-25 cm), and weighing 53 to 78 g. They are plump, heavy-chested birds with a relatively long, moderately notched tail. Adult males are varying shades of pink or red on the head, breast, sides, back, and rump; with blackish-brown flight feathers; two white wing-bars; and white edges on the tertials and secondaries. The underparts are grayish. Pine Grosbeak male 3Jan02 970br. More

The primary wild food of Pine Grosbeaks is berries. The winter finch survey is showing that, contrary to the pattern set by other winter finch species, the Pine Grosbeak irruption does not seem to correspond to wild food abundance. The 1997-98 Perspective: * Large flights of Pine Grosbeaks were observed along the western shores of Lake Superior in late October and early. More

north, the pine grosbeak is a robin-sized finch. Look at the thick bill, great for cracking seeds. The male has the rosy plumage while the female is mostly gray with tinges of dull yellow on the head and rump. These grosbeaks like oil-type or hulled sunflower seeds. Back to the Bird Poster . More

Pine grosbeaks are the largest of the northern finches. They seem quite tame and do not immediately take flight when startled which can make them a fun bird to search for while bird watching. They are especially beautiful in the winter time when the bright red coloring of the males is nicely offset by the white snow. They also gather together in large flocks which again, make them fun to watch. Used with permission. More

A bird of the boreal forests, the Pine Grosbeak is found across northern Eurasia and North America, and south into the mountains of western Canada and the United States. The Pine Grosbeak is the largest and rarest of the “winter Finches." Other Names: Pine Bullfinch, Canadian Grosbeak, American Grosbeak, Mope (Newfoundland) Color: Male Pine Grosbeak's head, neck, back, rump and breast are crimson, with gray showing through. It has dark gray wings with two white bars, a heavy black bill and black legs. More

Pine Grosbeaks also occur in the higher altitudes in the Sierra Nevada, eastern Arizona, and northern New Mexico. Pine Grosbeak habitat includes the borders of open places in coniferous woods, pond and stream edges, and the edges of open fields and marshes. There, they build a bulky nest in a shrub or coniferous tree. Pine Grosbeak Range Map Pine Grosbeaks forage in trees, or they may come to the ground to forage for fallen seeds and fruit. More

Order : Passeriformes
Family : Fringillidae
Genus : Pinicola
Species : enucleator
Authority : (Linnaeus, 1758)