Canadian Toad

The Canadian Toad is classified as Least Concern. Does not qualify for a more at risk category. Widespread and abundant taxa are included in this category.

Canadian Toad (Bufo hemiophrys) at Wagner Natural Area, Alberta Conservation status Least Concern (IUCN 3. More

Canadian toad has dark, warty spots scattered around its back. It can dig burrows and is active mainly at night. It likes water more than other Minnesota toads do. More

The Canadian Toad was once a common inhabitant of the northern Interior Plains, and was not considered to be declining in Canada as recently as the mid-1980s. More

Distribution Canadian toad distribution in Alberta * The Canadian toad has one of the widest distributions in the province. It ranges from the Bow River north into the Northwest Territories. More

The Canadian toad appears to be uncommon in the NWT and is currently known to occur only in the Fort Smith region. This species has declined in abundance in some parts of western Canada in recent years. Image of a Canadian Toad Photo: M. More

The Decline of The Canadian Toad in Alberta was first noted in the mid 1980's by Roberts (1992,1994). In an overview of the status of amphibians and reptiles in Alberta Cottonwood Consultants (1986) noted that there was no problem apparent up to this time. More

spots for Canadian Toads found in Alberta Remarks: The Canadian toad is active during the day and into the late evening, then will burrow into moist sandy at night. The toad can be found in Alberta from April until September. More

The Eastern American Toad may be confused with the Canadian Toad in the area where they overlap, but the cranial crests in the American toad do not join to form a raised "boss" (bump) like they do in the Canadian Toad. More

The Canadian toad may get up to 3 inches in body length. It is very similar in appearance to the American toad. Canadian toads are white or light brown with dark spots scattered randomly about the back. More

The Canadian toad is small and is either brown to gray-green or reddish with reddish warts surrounded by black spots. They can be active during the day or night depending on temperatures. More

Illustration of a Canadian Toad Conditions that lower habitat quality or decrease survival and reproduction are considered to be limiting factors. More

canadian toad ventral view of canadian toad The Canadian Toad is a medium sized toad attaining lengths around 3 inches. The color of these can be variable, ranging from brown to green and sometimes even reddish. Its warts are brown or reddish. More

The Canadian Toad is widely distributed through the eastern half of Alberta, most of Saskatchewan and the western half of Manitoba. It reaches its northern extent in the Northwest Territories near Fort Smith. In the U. More

can easily identify a Canadian toad because it has a raised bump between its eyes. The dark spots contain one or two warts per spot. They have a white belly with gray and black markings. More

The call of the Canadian Toad is a brief harsh trill shorter than that of the American Toad but longer than that of the Gray Treefrog. It is repeated every 15-20 seconds. Males may call at temperatures as low as 5oC. More

The Canadian Toad (Bufo hemiophrys) is a species of toad found in Canada and parts of United States upper midwest. More

Canadian Toads are found in northwestern Minnesota and have a single tubular envelope enclosing the eggs. The American Toad has a double envelope surrounding the eggs, with eggs separated by partitions. More

Both American toads and Canadian toads have heavily spotted bellies. More

Order : Anura
Family : Bufonidae
Genus : Anaxyrus
Species : hemiophrys
Authority : (Cope, 1886)