Genus Pterocarpus

Pterocarpus is a pantropical genus of trees in the family Fabaceae, most of which yield valuable timber traded as padauk ; other common names are mukwa or narra.

Species in the genus Pterocarpus of plants


African teak - It is a deciduous tree usually growing to 16 m tall, with dark brown bark and a high, wide-crowned canopy. of shiny compound leaves. In favoured wetter locations the trees are typically about 18-19 m tall. The leaves appear at the time of the flowers or shortly afterwards. They are alternate, deep green, imparipinnate, with 11-19 subopposite to alternate leaflets, the leaflets 2.57 cm long and 24.5 cm broad. It produces an abundance of scented, orange-yellow flowers in panicles 1020 cm long; flowering is in the spring. In southern Africa, this is usually just at the end of the dry season, often about mid-October. The pod is 23 cm diameter, surrounded by a circular wing 812 cm diameter, reminiscent of a brown fried egg, and containing a single seed. This brown papery and spiky seed pod stays on long after the leaves have fallen. In poorly-drained locations, the tree can still grow but it becomes more open in shape with leaves on the end of long branches - a 'stag-headed' appearance.

Andaman redwood - It is found only in India.

Sang Drago - It is a large deciduous tree growing to 3040 m tall, with a trunk up to 2 m diameter. The leaves are 1222 cm long, pinnate, with 511 leaflets, the girth is 12-34 m wide. The flowers are produced in panicles 613 cm long containing a few to numerous flowers; flowering is from February to May in the Philippines, Borneo and the Malay peninsula. They are slightly fragrant and have yellow or orange-yellow petals. The fruit is a semiorbicular pod 23 cm diameter, surrounded by a flat 46 cm diameter membranaceous wing which aids dispersal by the water. It contains one or two seeds, and does not split open at maturity; it ripens within 46 years, and becomes purple when dry. The central part of the pod can be smooth , bristly Rojo) or intermediate.

Bastard Teak - Parts of the Indian Kino have long been used for their medicinal properties in Ayurveda. The heart wood is used as an astringent and in the treatment of inflammation and diabetes.

Pterocarpus santalinoides - Pterocarpus santalinoides is a tree species in the legume family ; it is locally known as mututi.

Sandalwood - It is a light-demanding small tree growing to 8 m tall with a trunk 50150 cm diameter. It is fast-growing when young, reaching 5 m tall in three years even on degraded soils. It is not frost tolerant, being killed by temperatures of ?1 C. The leaves are alternate, 39 cm long, trifoliate with three leaflets. The flowers are produced in short racemes. The fruit is a pod 69 cm long containing one or two seeds.