Bonobos sleep in the treetop canopy of the rainforest and do most of their feeding there as well; although, they have been known to forage on the forest floor if necessary. The bonobo diet consists mostly of fruit, but also includes eggs, fungi, and other plants.
These remarkable simian creatures have earned their nickname as a result of their colorful sex lives. Unlike other simians, the bonobo female genitalia is tilted forward much like that of a human female. Because of this, bonobos are capable of face-to-face sex (and any other position, for that matter) much like humans. It is the habit of the bonobo to have sex at least once a day, but frequently several times per day. Unlike any other mammal or primate, bonobos engage in recreational sex, not just the reproductive kind.
Bonobos resemble human structure physically more closely than any other primate. Their legs are longer, arms shorter, ears smaller and have a more open facial structure than other simians. This coupled with the structure of the female genitalia mentioned above; make them the closest human relative in the animal kingdom.
Bonobos have no real natural predators except for humans. Although it is illegal to hunt bonobos, many hunters in the African Congo do so anyway. Some people capture infant bonobos to sell to humans as pets. The nearly constant war in the Congo region has also been a factor in the near extinction level of bonobo population numbers.
Many people have never heard of a bonobo and do not know of their endangerment. Get educated and get involved to help preserve this unique creature.
Picture of the bonobo by Kabir Bakie at the Cincinnati Zoo May 2005, licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 2.5 Generic
The Bonobo, dwarf chimpanzee, gracile chimpanzee, pygmy chimpanzee is listed as Endangered (EN), considered to be facing a very high risk of extinction in the wild, on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
Namings for the bonobo or pygmy chimpanzeeA young / baby of a bonobo or pygmy chimpanzee is called a 'infant'. A bonobo or pygmy chimpanzee group is called a 'community, group, cartload,posse'.
CountriesCongo and Democratic Republic of the
Bonobo or pygmy chimpanzee habitatsForest, Subtropical / Tropical Moist Lowland, Subtropical / Tropical Moist Montane and Subtropical / Tropical Swamp
Some facts about the
Pygmy chimpanzee or bonono
Adult weight : 39.925 kg (87.835 lbs)
Maximum longevity : 55 years
Female maturity :3194 days
Gestation : 232 days
Weaning : 635 days
Litter size : 1
Interval between litters : 1825 days
Weight at birth : 1.331 kg (2.9282 lbs)
Weight at weaning : 8.5 kg (18.7 lbs)