Jerdon's Palm Civet

Jerdon's palm civetJerdon's palm civet (paradoxurus jerdoni) is also commonly called the brown palm civet. This mammal ranges from 17 to 28 inches (43 to 71cm) in length, excluding its long tail, and weighs in at approximately 3 to 10 pounds (1.4 to 4.5kg). The Jerdon's palm civet makes its home in the southwest rain forests of India, which include the Western Ghats and Karnataka regions. The brown palm civet is a nocturnal and arboreal mammal which has a general appearance of a cat body with a long extended muzzle similar to that of an otter.

These mammals are omnivorous, with a diet that consists of fruit, eggs, insects, fish, birds and roots. The Jerdon's palm civet hunts to locate its prey, but it is mainly frugivorous focusing on eating from more than 40 rain forest trees and fruits. The civet's favorite fruit is the coffee "berry". Civets give birth to young in the early portion of the rainy season. A Jerdon's palm civet typically litter is between 2 and 4 young. The gestation period is between 60 and 70 days.

Civets are known for having a unique musk. The word civet is often used to refer to the musk that the animal produces, as well as the animal itself.
The animal is trapped and placed in captivity in order to extract the musk, often used in small quantities in some perfumes. The musk is collected by scraping it from the anal sac, which is an extremely painful process. In addition to hunting civets for their musk, they are also illegally hunted for their pelt as well as considered valuable meat.

The Jerdon's palm civets are classified as vulnerable by the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. They face a high risk of extinction in the wild due to poachers as well as the destruction of their habitat. Hunting has become increasingly easier since their habitat is being destroyed and they are forced to survive in more open areas on newly developed coffee, tea, teak, and eucalyptus plantations. Mining activities are also destroying the canopies that the Jerdon's palm civet calls. These factors have taken a significant toll on the Jerdon's palm civet's population.

Picture of the jerdon's palm civet by Kalyanvarma, licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported

Keywords: brown

The Brown palm civet, jerdon's palm civet is listed as Vulnerable (VU), considered to be facing a high risk of extinction in the wild, on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species

Countries
India
Jerdon's palm civet habitats
Forest and Subtropical / Tropical Dry forest

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