Black-backed jackal

Black backed jackalThe Black-backed jackal (Canis mesomelas), also known as the Silver-backed jackal lives in two distinct regions in Africa. One region is South Africa, Namibia, Botswana and the other Kenya, Somalia, and Ethiopia. The Black-backed jackal lives in scrubland, open woodlands, savanna, and bush. They live in pairs most of their lives and are very territorial. Black-backed jackals can team up together when hunting for antelopes or impala.

A Black-backed jackal weighs on the average about 5 to 10 kgs. They have black hair, from which their name is derived, found from the nape all the way to its tail's area. Their chest and underparts are white. The rest of their fur can go from red-brown to ginger shade. Its head is very much like a dog's, possessing a pronounced muzzle and ears that are high-pointed. The female Black-backed jackal's color is usually less pronounced.

They are mainly nocturnal, but jackals can be active both in nighttime and daytime. If it is living near the borders of human settlement, it only comes out at night. When they go after a prey, its ears are pricked. Their senses of smell and hearing are very well-developed. This particular kind of jackal is cautious when it comes to human beings, and against bigger animals, they are not aggressive, unless threatened.
Black-backed jackals are not endangered, and one major reason is their resourcefulness.

Interesting fact: Because of their speed, the black-backed jackal can snatch a bite or two from under a lion's, hyena's, or leopard's nose.

Picture of the black-backed jackal by Hans Hillewaert, licensed under Attribution ShareAlike 2.5

Keywords: black , red , claw

The Black-backed jackal, chacal à chabraque, silver-backed jackal is listed as Least Concern. Does not qualify for a more at risk category. Widespread and abundant taxa are included in this category, on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species

Namings for the blackbacked jackal
A young / baby of a blackbacked jackal is called a 'pup'. A blackbacked jackal group is called a 'pack'.
Some facts about the
Black-backed jackal

Adult weight : 10.25 kg (22.55 lbs)

Maximum longevity : 17 years

Female maturity :309 days

Male maturity : 251 days

Gestation : 60 days

Weaning : 60 days

Litter size : 4

Litters per year : 1

Interval between litters : 274 days

Weight at birth : 0.159 kg (0.3498 lbs)

Basal metabolic rate : 22 W

Body mass : 7.72 kg (16.984 lbs)

Temperature : 37.85 °C (100.13 °F)

Source: AnAge, licensed under CC

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