Many types of fish migrate on a regular basis, on time scales ranging from daily to annual, and over distances ranging from a few meters to thousands of kilometers. Fish usually migrate because of diet or reproductive needs, although in some cases the reason for migration remains unknown.
Common pike conger - The females lay the eggs off the coasts of Australia; the eggs take 9–10 weeks to hatch.
Conejo de lo alto - Lancetfishes are large oceanic predatory fishes in the genus Alepisaurus , the only living genus in the family Alepisauridae.
Bombay-duck - The origin of the term "Bombay duck" is uncertain.
Atlantic flyingfish - Like many other flyingfishes, the Atlantic flyingfish has a cylindrical body, and large tail and pectoral fins that it uses for flight.
Pacific saury - It is known as sanma in Japanese, kongchi in Korean, qiu dao yu in Chinese, and saira in Russian.
Mirrorwing flyingfish - Mirrorwing flyingfish have 10-12 soft rays on their dorsal fins and 11-13 rays on their anal fins.
Barred longtom - Although they have no spine, they do have several soft rays.
Blacktail reef shark - *ambiguous synonym
Requiem shark - The lemon shark, Negaprion brevirostris, is a shark belonging to the family Carcharhinidae that can grow 10 feet long.
Queriman shark - The sandbar shark is also called the thickskin shark or brown shark.
Maneater shark - The tiger shark, Galeocerdo cuvier is a species of requiem shark and the only member of the genus Galeocerdo.
Narrownose smooth hound - Narrownose smooth-hounds feed on crabs and probably other crustaceans, and presumably small fishes.
Bronze - The copper shark has a blunt broad snout, narrow bent cusps on the upper teeth, and no interdorsal ridge.
Blue whaler shark - The blue shark is the most widely distrubted animal in the world.
Eastern school shark - Reproduction is ovoviviparous.
Blackspot shark - *ambiguous synonym
Ghost shark - It is found off southern Australia, and south of East Cape and Kaipara Harbour in New Zealand, at depths of 200 meters to 500 meters.
European pilchard - The terms sardine and pilchard are not precise, and the usual meanings vary by region; for instance, to many people a sardine is a young European pilchard.
Bony fish - Menhaden historically occurred in large numbers in the North Atlantic, ranging from Nova Scotia, Canada to central Florida, USA, although their presence in northern waters has diminished in the 20th Century.
Argentine anchoita - By biomass, it is the largest fish resource of the southwest Atlantic Ocean .
Madeiran sardinella - Madeiran Sardinella is a species of ray-finned fish in the genus Sardinella.
Brazilian sardinella - Brazilian Sardinella is a species of ray-finned fish in the genus Sardinella.
European anchovy - It is easily distinguished by its deeply-cleft mouth, the angle of the gape being behind the eyes.
Pacific sardine - The South American pilchard, Sardinops sagax, is a sardine of the Family Clupeidae, the only member of the genus Sardinops, found in the indo-Pacific oceans.
Caspian marine shad - Caspian Marine Shad is a species of ray-finned fish in the genus Alosa.
Bali sardinella - Bali Sardinella is a species of ray-finned fish in the genus Sardinella.
Anchoveta - Anchoveta are pelagic fish in the southeastern Pacific Ocean, and are regularly caught on the coasts of Peru, and Chile.
Falkland sprat - The Falkland sprat, Sprattus fuegensis, is a herring-like, marine fish in the family Clupeidae found in the subtropical southwest Atlantic Ocean from 40° S to Tierra del Fuego and the Falkland Islands.
Pacific ladyfish - The Pacific Tenpounders have very round bodies with terminal mouths, and profound gill formations known as pseudobranchiae.
Tenpounder - This species is found in coastal regions of the Indian ocean.
Black hake - The white hake or mud hake, Urophycis tenuis, is a phycid hake of the genus Urophycis, found in the northwest Atlantic Ocean from North Carolina to Newfoundland, at depths of about 1,000 metres.
Polar cod - The polar cod has a slender body, deeply forked tail, projecting mouth and a small whisker on its chin.
Arbroath smokie - The haddock is easily recognized by a black lateral line running along its white side and a distinctive dark blotch above the pectoral fin, often described as a "thumbprint" or even the "Devil's thumbprint" or "St.
Blue grenadier - The blue grenadier is the subject of a large commercial fishery industry in New Zealand, which has been certified by the Marine Stewardship Council as well-managed and sustainable in March 2001.
Fivebeard rockling - In colour it is has a dark brown back, with a reddish or blackish underside merging with a pale gray-brown.
Poutassou - There are 2 disjunct populations:
Cod - In colour the Greenland cod is generally sombre, ranging from tan to brown to silvery.
Hake - The white hake or mud hake, Urophycis tenuis, is a phycid hake of the genus Urophycis, found in the northwest Atlantic Ocean from North Carolina to Newfoundland, at depths of about 1,000 metres.
Whiting - Until the later twentieth century, whiting was a cheap fish, regarded as food for the poor or for pets, but the general decline in fish stocks means that it is now more highly valued.
Couch's whiting - Exploitation of blue whiting only started in the 1970s.
Saithe - Pollachius virens is a species of marine fish in the Pollachius genus.
Mediterranean rockling - The Shore Rockling is often confused with the five-bearded rockling and also the larger three-bearded rockling , due to their similar colourings, shape and habitat.
Port Jackson shark - The Port Jackson shark is a migratory species, traveling south in the summer and returning north to breed in the winter months.
Porbeagle - Adult salmon sharks are medium grey to black over most of the body, with a white underside with darker blotches.
Crocodile shark - The crocodile shark, Pseudocarcharias kamoharai, is a species of shark and the only member of the family Pseudocarchariidae.
Great white shark - The best selling novel Jaws and the subsequent film by Steven Spielberg provided the great white shark with the image of a "man eater" in the public mind.
Hoe-mother - This shark is called the basking shark because it is most often observed when feeding at the surface and appears to be basking in the warmer water there.
Beaumaris shark - The porbeagle is a species of mackerel shark in the family Lamnidae, distributed widely in the cold and temperate marine waters of the North Atlantic and Southern Hemisphere.
Megamouth shark - The appearance of the megamouth is distinctive, but little else is known about it.
Pacific king-of-salmon - King-of-the-salmon, Trachipterus altivelis, is a species of ribbonfish in the family Trachipteridae.
Haplophryne mollis - Some anglerfishes of the superfamily Ceratioidei employ an unusual mating method.
American angler - The American anglerfish is unique in its appearance and has no relatives with which it can be confused in the areas where it is caught.
Electrona paucirastra - Electrona paucirastra is a lanternfish in the family Myctophidae, found around the globe in the southern hemisphere between 35° S and 48° S.
Barnards lanternfishes - Symbolophorus barnardi is a lanternfish in the family Myctophidae, found circumglobally in the southern hemisphere between about 30° S and 11° S at depths of between 100 and 800 m.
Warming's lantern fish - Warming's lantern fish, Ceratoscopelus warmingii, is a lanternfish of the family Myctophidae, found circumglobally in both hemispheres, at depths of between 700 and 1,500 m during the day and between 20 and 200 m at night.
Lanternfish - Gymnoscopelus piabilis is a lanternfish in the family Myctophidae, found circumglobally in the southern hemisphere between about 46° S and 52° S, at depths of below 100 at night.
Hector's lanternfish - It is a widespread marine fish, known from shallow tropical waters in the south-eastern Atlantic, from the western Pacific off Australia and New Zealand, and from the eastern Pacific off Chile.
Pink ling - Other names in English include ling, Australian rockling, kingclip, pink ling, and northern ling.
Javelin spookfish - The species is notable for unusual protuberances that grow from its eyes, which each have "a well developed lens"
Great sandeel - Breeding occurs through between March into August.
Five finger - The Indo-Pacific sergeant is found from the Red Sea to South Africa, as far as Southeast Australia and South Japan.
Mangrove snapper - Coloration of the Mangrove Jack ranges from burnt orange, to copper, to bronze and dark reddish-brown, depending on its age and environment.
Indian mackerel - The Indian mackerel is found in warm shallow waters along the coasts of the Indian and Western Pacific oceans.
Atlantic spadefish - Due to their reputation as strong fighters, they are popular game fish, especially during the summer months when they are most active.
Longfin escolar - It is placed in its own family Scombrolabracidae, but the family's placement in the suborders of Perciformes has included Scombroidei, Percoidei, and Trichiuiroidei, while some authors place it in its own suborder Scombrolabracoidei.
Threadfin jack - The threadfin jack is classified within the genus Carangoides, one of a number of groups of fish referred to as jacks and trevallies.
Camouflage grouper - The camouflage grouper is a species of fish in the Serranidae family.
Atlantic tripletail - The Atlantic tripletail is the only fish in the Lobotidae family that can be found in the Atlantic Ocean.
Porgy - Scup grow as large as 18 in and weigh 3 to 4 lb , but they average 1/2 - 1 lb .
Black king fish - Attaining a maximum length of 2 metres and maximum weight of 68 kilograms , cobia have elongate fusiform bodies and broad, flattened heads.
Bluefin - The southern bluefin tuna is a large, streamlined, fast swimming fish with a long, slender caudal peduncle and relatively short dorsal, pectoral and anal fins.
Acoupa weakfish - The acoupa weakfish, Cynoscion acoupa, is a croaker of the family Sciaenidae, found in the western Atlantic from Panama to Argentina, at depths down to 20 m.
Roundscale spearfish - A team of university and government scientists has confirmed the existence of the enigmatic billfish species closely resembling the heavily fished, overexploited white marlin.
Pelagic butterfish - The pelagic butterfish, Schedophilus maculatus, is a medusafish of the genus Schedophilus found in all warm oceans.
John moriggle - Bonnetmouths are similar to the only other member of its family, the Boga, or Inermia vittata.
Common dolphinfish - Although its common name is "dolphin-fish", the mahi-mahi is a fish not a dolphin, and is not at all related to the Delphinidae family of mammals whose common name is simply dolphin.
Japanese amberjack - It is greatly appreciated in Japan, where it is called hamachi or buri.
Bigscaled mackerel - The butterfly kingfish, bigscale mackerel, or butterfly mackerel, Gasterochisma melampus, the only species in the genus Gasterochisma, is found around the world in southern temperate waters, down to 200 m in open water.
American butterfish - Fish of this species are usually deep-bodied, flattened sideways and somewhat circular or rounded, with blunt noses and small mouths with weak teeth.
Pacific black marlin - In 2010, Greenpeace International has added the black marlin to its seafood red list.
Australian bonito - The Australian bonito, horse mackerel or little bonito, Sarda australis, a fish of the family Scombridae, is found around eastern Australia and New Zealand in depths to about 30 m , in open water.
Luvar - It is a big ellipsoidal fish, growing to two meters in length.
Whale remora - The whalesucker, Remora australis, is a species of remora in the family Echeneidae, so named because it attaches itself exclusively to cetaceans.
Black jack fish - The black jack is classified within the genus Caranx, one of a number of groups known as the jacks or trevallies.
Snake mackerel - It can grow up to 200 cm long and weigh as much as 6 kg .
Painted mackerel - The Cero reaches larger sizes than the Spanish, often 10 lb or more, but those over 30 lb are extremely rare.
Bonito - Dogtooth tuna frequent reef environments, with smaller fish being more commonly found near shallow reef areas and larger ones haunting deep reef drop off areas, seamounts and steep underwater walls.
Longfinned albacore - It is found in the open waters of all tropical and temperate oceans, and the Mediterranean Sea.
Grouper - Alternatively, the term "white grouper" is also used as a local vernacular name for several other species of fish, including the yellowedge grouper , Nassau grouper , and Venezuelan grouper .
Blue sea cat - This fish, sometimes considered "charmingly ugly"1 is found across the North Atlantic Ocean from north of Russia to the Scotian Shelf, off Nova Scotia.
Japanese spearfish - The shortbill spearfish, Tetrapturus angustirostris, is a species of marlin found in Indo-Pacific oceans not far from the surface.
Slender tuna - The slender tuna, Allothunnus fallai, is a species of tuna, the only species in the genus Allothunnus, found around the world in the southern oceans between latitudes 20° and 50° South.
Arctic bonito - It is a streamlined, fast-swimming pelagic fish, common in tropical waters throughout the world, where it inhabits surface waters in large shoals , feeding on fish, crustaceans, cephalopods and mollusks.
R - The slender suckerfish or lousefish, Phtheirichthys lineatus, is a rare species of remora, family Echeneidae, and the only member of the genus Phtheirichthys.
Angel - The big-scale pomfret, Taractichthys longipinnis, is a pomfret of the family Bramidae, found in the Atlantic ocean, at depths down to 500 m.
Mantasucker - The white suckerfish or mantasucker, Remorina albescens, is a species of remora in the family Echeneidae, a group of elongate marine fish with adhesive discs for attaching to larger organisms.
Ragfish - The southern driftfish or ragfish, Icichthys australis, is a medusafish of the genus Icichthys found around the world in all southern oceans between latitudes 50° S and 60° S, from the surface down to 2,000 m.
Barracuda - The body is elongated and covered with small, scarcely visible scales; the back is an iridescent blue, while the sides are silvery, with a pattern of vertical blue bars.
Japanese meagre - Argyrosomus japonicus is a fish of the Sciaenidae family.
Castor oil fish - The flesh is very oily and although edible, the oil actually consists of wax esters, which are not digested like traditional oil.
Broad-bill sword-fish - They are the sole member of their family Xiphiidae.
Brownback trevally - The brownback trevally is classified within the genus Carangoides, one of a number of groups of fish referred to as jacks and trevallies.
Black seabass - It inhabits the coasts from Maine to NE Florida and the eastern Gulf of Mexico.
Kanadi kingfish - The Kanadi kingfish, Scomberomorus plurilineatus, is a species of fish in the family Scombridae.
Nassau grouper - The Nassau grouper is a U.
Ambon damsel - Pomacentrus amboinensis is a Damselfish from the Western Pacific.
Big eye tunny - In Hawaiian, it is one of two species known as ‘ahi; the other is yellowfin tuna.
Banded drum - Their teeth are rounded and they have powerful jaws capable of crushing oysters and other shellfish.
Black seabream - Black seabream are protogynous meaning females have the ability to change to males.
Stout sillago - The stout whiting is one of 29 species in the genus Sillago, which is one of three divisions of the smelt whiting family Sillaginidae.
Escolar - The snake mackerel, Gempylus serpens, is a species of fish in the monotypic genus Gempylus, belonging to the family Gempylidae .
Squaretail - The smalleye squaretail, Tetragonurus cuvieri, is a squaretail of the genus Tetragonurus found in all tropical and temperate oceans of the world, at depths up to 800 m.
Marbled rockcod - The marbled rockcod, Notothenia rossii, is a marine cod icefish in the family Nototheniidae with distribution ranging from southern New Zealand to sub-Antarctic seas, on rocky reefs.
Atlantic sailfish - Tests in the 1920s estimated that they were capable of short sprints of up to 111 kilometres per hour, however, a more conservative estimates of 37 to 55 kilometres per hour are more widely accepted .
Spot croaker - Their diet consists largely of organic detritus, small crustaceans, and worms.
Ocean pout - Scientists have done studies wherein genes are taken from the ocean pout and implanted into salmon in an attempt to make the latter grow faster.
Patagonian toothfish - A close relative, the Antarctic toothfish , is found farther south around the edges of the Antarctic shelf; it also lives in the Ross Sea.
Grey marlinsucker - The spearfish remora, Remora brachyptera, is a remora of the family Echeneidae, found around the world in tropical and subtropical seas.
Cocinero - The cocinero is classified within the genus Caranx, one of a number of groups known as the jacks or trevallies.
Bluefish - In South Africa, this fish is commonly known as shad on the east coast, and elf on the west coast.
Florida pompano - The Florida pompano is a fast growing species and attains a length of approximately 8 inches after its first year, surviving for only about 3 to 4 years .
European seabass - The European seabass is a member of the Moronidae family.
Broad-barred king mackerel - The Broadbarred king mackerel, Scomberomorus semifasciatus, is a species of fish in the family Scombridae.
Australian spotted mackerel - The Australian spotted mackerel, Scomberomorus munroi, is a species of fish in the family Scombridae.
Island trevally - The island trevally is classified within the genus Carangoides, a group of fish commonly called jacks and trevallies.
Atlantic wreckfish - Atlantic wreckfish are deep-water fish and can be found on the ocean bottom at depths between 40 and 600 m , where they inhabit caves and shipwrecks .
Allison's tuna - The yellowfin tuna is often marketed as ahi tuna, from its Hawaiian name ʻahi although the name ʻahi in Hawaiian also refers to the closely related bigeye tuna.
Wolf-fish - In spite of its large size the Atlantic wolffish has retained the bodily form and general external characteristics of small blennies .
Log - The king mackerel is a medium sized fish, typically encountered from 5-30 pounds, but is known to exceed 90 pounds.
Pacific striped marlin - In 2010, Greenpeace International has added the striped marlin to its seafood red list.
Pompano dolphinfish - Pompano dolphinfish have a lifespan of 3 to 4 years.
Gag grouper - Ten- to twenty-pound fish are common.
Atlantic shadefish - A.
Bar jack - The bar jack is classified within the genus Carangoides, a group of fishes commonly known as jacks and trevallies, which is part of the larger jack and horse mackerel family Carangidae.
Chinese pomfret - Silver Pomfret are usually silver/white in color, with few small scales.
Queensland school mackerel - The Queensland school mackerel, Scomberomorus queenslandicus, is a species of fish in the family Scombridae.
Coral dragonet - The lancer dragonet is a species of ray-finned fish in the genus Callionymus.
Catfish - The bottom-dwelling spotted wolffish is found across the North Atlantic from north of Russia to the Scotian Shelf, off Nova Scotia.
Banded sillago - The western school whiting is one of 29 species in the genus Sillago, which is one of three divisions of the smelt whiting family Sillaginidae.
Atlantic white marlin - Average size is 45 to 65 lbs , with females reaching relatively larger sizes.
Salema - Sarpa salpa, also known as the Salema porgy, is a species of bream, recognisable by the golden stripes that run down the length of its body, and which can cause hallucinations when eaten.
Summer flounder - Occurring in the western Atlantic from Maine to South Carolina, possibly further south where the Summer Flounder may mix and be confused with its close relative the Southern Flounder which lacks the eye-like spots of the summer flounder.
Bering flounder - The Bering flounder, Hippoglossoides robustus, is a flatfish of the family Pleuronectidae.
Butter sole - The butter sole is a right-eyed flounder with an oval-shaped body.
Blackfin flounder - The blackfin flounder's diet consists of benthos invertebrates such as crustaceans, molluscs and worms.
Winter flounder - The winter flounder, Pseudopleuronectes americanus, is a flatfish of the family Pleuronectidae.
Cigarette paper - The flathead sole is a right-eyed flounder with an oval-shaped body.
English sole - English sole is an important commercial fish, primarily caught off Washington, Oregon and California.
Bastard halibut - It is often referred to as the Japanese flatfish or Korea flatfish when mentioned in the context of those countries.
Pacific halibut - Directed commercial fisheries usually use longline gear but halibut are also caught along with many other bottom-dwelling fish by trawlers.
Lemon fish - It is a popular food fish.
California flounder - A top level predator that hunts by stealth, it is prized by fishermen as great table fare.
European plaice - Plaice are determinate spawners in which fecundity is determined before the onset of spawning.
American dab - American plaice may be an intermediate host for the nematode parasite Otostrongylus circumlitis, which is a lungworm of seals, primarily affecting animals less than 1 yr of age.
Flounder - The brill have slender bodies, brown with lighter and darker coloured flecks covering its body, excluding the tailfin; the underside of the fish is usually cream coloured or pinkish white.
Greenland halibut - Its morphology with the left eye positioned on the dorsal ridge of the forehead gives it an appearance of a cyclops when looking straight at it.
Witch - The species lives on soft bottoms between 45 and 1460 m and prefers temperatures of 2–6 ºC.
Akagarei - The flathead flounder spawning season is from February to April, and spawning takes place at depths of 180 and 200 metres .
Barn-door skate - After peaking in the 1950s, the population of the barndoor skate dramatically declined in the 1970s as a result of overfishing and is now listed as endangered by the World Conservation Union.
Pacific cownose ray - The golden cownose ray, hawkray, or pacific cownose ray is a species of fish in the Rhinopteridae family.
Giant devil ray - It is larger than the lesser devil ray, and it possesses a spiny tail.
Brazilian guitarfish - The Brazilian guitarfish is a species of fish in the Rhinobatidae family.
Maiden ray - The length of its body and tail is generally slightly less than 1 meter and width is about half a meter.
Munk's devil ray - The manta de monk, Munk's devil ray, pygmy devil ray, or smoothtail mobula is a species of fish in the Mobulidae family.
Cowfish - The embryo grows within its mother with its wings folded over its body.
Mottled skate - Raja is a genus of skates in the family Rajidae.
Fanray - Platyrhina species have rounded heart-shaped pectoral fin discs with short, blunt snouts.
Giant manta - Mantas have a variety of common names, including Atlantic manta, Pacific manta, devilfish, and just manta.
Blue cod - It is native to the North American west coast from Shumagin Islands in the Gulf of Alaska to Baja California, Mexico.
Atka mackerel - The primary population of the fish is found off of the Sea of Okhotsk.
Lumpsucker - Lumpsuckers or lumpfish are mostly small scorpaeniform marine fish of the family Cyclopteridae.
Blue cod - The sable fish is found in muddy sea beds in the North Pacific at depths of 300 to 2,700 m and is commercially important to Japan.
Bartailed flathead - The bartail flathead , also called Bar-Tailed Flathead, Bartail Blenny, Gobi, Indian Flathead, or Indo-Pacific Flathead, is the type species for the Platycephalus genus of fish.
Deepwater rockfish - S.
Whitetail dogfish - The whitetail dogfish is a rare species known only from a few specimens taken by tuna longliners and trawlers.
Spined pygmy shark - The spined pygmy shark, Squaliolus laticaudus, is a species of dogfish shark in the family Dalatiidae found widely in all oceans.
Cigar shark - The cookiecutter shark , also called the cigar shark, is a species of small dogfish shark in the family Dalatiidae.
Slender lantern shark - The smooth lanternshark or slender lanternshark, Etmopterus pusillus, is a species of dogfish shark in the family Etmopteridae, found widely in the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans.
Stareye lightfish - The stareye lightfish is a species in the monotypic genus of Pollichthys.
Hairfinned leatherjacket - Paramonacanthus japonicus is a Filefish from the Indo-West Pacific.
Redtoothed triggerfish - The redtoothed triggerfish is a dark blue bodied fish, ranging up to 50 cm in length.
European john dory - In New Zealand, Māori know it as kuparu, and on the East Coast of the North Island, they gave some to Captain James Cook on his first voyage to New Zealand in 1769.
Spiky oreo - The spiky oreo, Neocyttus rhomboidalis, is an oreo of the genus Neocyttus, found in all southern oceans at depths of between 200 and 1,300 m.
Smooth oreo - The smooth oreo or smooth dory, Pseudocyttus maculatus, is an oreo, the only species in the genus Pseudocyttus.
Black oreo - The black oreo is very similar in shape to the warty oreo.